COAST GUARD ACADEMY

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History

Coast Guard Academy Local Area History

 

Nicknamed “The Whaling City,” New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States. It is located at the mouth of the Thames River (pronounced as to rhyme with “James”). New London has also been recently designated a “Coast Guard City,” indicating its longstanding relationship with the Coast Guard and its commitment to the members of the Coast Guard family.

HISTORY

John Winthrop Jr. founded the first English settlement here in 1646, making it about the 13th town in Connecticut. The area was called Nameaug by the Pequot Indians, but inhabitants informally named it Pequot after the tribe. The Connecticut General Assembly wanted to name it Faire Harbour, but the citizens protested, declaring that they would prefer it to be called Nameaug. The Legislature relented, and March 10, 1658, the town was officially named after London, England.

The harbor was considered to be the best deep-water harbor on Long Island Sound, and consequently, New London became a base of American naval operations during the Revolutionary War. Famous New Londoners during the American Revolution include Nathan Hale, William Coit, Richard Douglass, Thomas and Nathaniel Shaw, Gen. Samuel Parsons, printer Timothy Green and the Rev. Samuel Seabury.

Connecticut’s independent legislature, in its January session of 1784, made New London one of the first of two cities brought from de facto to formalized incorporations. For several decades beginning in the early 19th century, New London was the second-busiest whaling port in the world, trailing only New Bedford, Massachusetts. The wealth that whaling brought into the city furnished the money to fund much of the city’s present architecture.

The New Haven and New London Railroad connected New London by rail to New Haven and points beyond by the 1850s, and the Springfield and New London Railroad connected New London to Springfield, Massachusetts, by the 1870s.

The family of Nobel and Pulitzer prize-winning playwright Eugene O’Neill, and most of his own first 26 years, were intimately connected to New London. He lived there for years, and as an adult was employed and wrote his first seven or eight plays in the city. A major O’Neill archive is at Connecticut College. The boyhood summer home of O’Neill is also located in New London. The Monte Cristo Cottage, which is a National Historic Landmark, is operated as a museum by the O’Neill Theater Center. Dutch Tavern on Green Street was a favorite watering hole of O’Neill and still stands today.

New London Today

Coast Guard Academy Local Area New London Today

 

A glorious waterfront, a rich cultural scene, fascinating historic sites and fabulous recreational facilities are just a few of the reasons to visit New London, Connecticut. Founded in 1646, the city has celebrated more than 370 years of history and proudly looks forward to its future. Visit the unique shops, restaurants and cultural attractions, relax on the beach or simply soak up the maritime atmosphere.

Art, Museums and Theaters

ALVA GALLERY

54 State St.
New London, CT 06320
860-437-8664

CONNECTICUT COLLEGE’S CUMMINGS ART CENTER

270 Mohegan Ave.
New London, CT 06320
860-439-2740

CONNECTICUT COLLEGE’S PERFORMING ARTS BOX OFFICE

270 Mohegan Ave.
New London, CT 06320
860-439-ARTS (2787)

CUSTOM HOUSE MARITIME MUSEUM

150 Bank St.
New London, CT 06320
860-447-2501

FLOCK THEATRE

10 Prospect St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-3119

GARDE ARTS CENTER

325 State St.
New London, CT 06320
860-444-7373

GOLDEN STREET GALLERY

94 Golden St.
New London, CT 06320
860-444-0659

HEMPSTED HOUSES

11 Hempstead St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-7949

HYGIENIC ART GALLERIES

79 Bank St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-8001

LYMAN ALLYN ART MUSEUM

625 Williams St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-2545

MONTE CRISTO COTTAGE MUSEUM

325 Pequot Ave.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-5378

NEW LONDON COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY IN SHAW MANSION

11 Blinman St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-1209

STUDIO 33 GALLERY

140 Bank St.
New London, CT 06320
860-442-6355

U.S. COAST GUARD MUSEUM

15 Mohegan Ave.
New London, CT 06320
860-444-8511

YAH-TA-HEY GALLERY

279 State St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-3204

Educational Institutes

CONNECTICUT COLLEGE

270 Mohegan Ave.
New London, CT 06320
860-447-1911

MITCHELL COLLEGE

437 Pequot Ave.
New London, CT 06320
860-701-5000

UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAVEN — NEW LONDON CAMPUS

469 Pequot Ave.
New London, CT 06320
203-932-7440

Information Centers

CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF EASTERN CONNECTICUT

914 Hartford Turnpike
Waterford, CT 06385
860-701-9113

EASTERN REGIONAL TOURISM DISTRICT (MYSTIC COUNTRY)

27 Greenmanville Ave.
Mystic, CT 06355
860-536-8822

NEW LONDON MAIN STREET

311 State St.
New London, CT 06320
860-444-2489

Organizations

ALLIANCE FOR LIVING

154 Broad St.
New London, CT 06320
860-447-0884

CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF LABOR — NEW LONDON AMERICAN JOB CENTER

6 Shaws Cove
New London, CT 06320
860-439-7400

DOWNTOWN NEW LONDON ASSOCIATION

2 State St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-3786

EASTERN CONNECTICUT HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES

228 State St.
New London, CT 06320
860-447-8055

EASTERN CONNECTICUT TRANSPORTATION CONSORTIUM INC.

860-859-5791

FRESH (FOOD: RESOURCES, EDUCATION, SECURITY, HEALTH) NEW LONDON

120 Broad St.
New London, CT 06320
860-574-9006

GEMMA E. MORAN UNITED WAY/ LABOR FOOD CENTER

374 Broad St.
New London, CT 06320
860-444-8050

HABITAT FOR HUMANITY OF EASTERN CONNECTICUT

377 Broad St.
New London, CT 06320
860-442-7890

NEW LONDON ADULT & CONTINUING EDUCATION

3 Shaws Cove
New London, CT 06320
860-437-2385

NEW LONDON BEAUTIFICATION COMMITTEE

www.nlbeautification.org

NEW LONDON COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY

11 Blinman St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-1209

NEW LONDON LOCAL FIRST

165 State St., Suite 424
New London, CT 06320
860-439-0016

PUBLIC LIBRARY OF NEW LONDON

63 Huntington St.
New London, CT 06320
860-447-1411

RENAISSANCE CITY DEVELOPMENT CORP.

216 Howard St.
New London, CT 06320
860-917-5283

SOUTHEASTERN CONNECTICUT ENTERPRISE REGION

190 Governor Winthrop Blvd., Suite 300
New London, CT 06320
860-437-4659

STONINGTON SEARCH PARTNERS

234 Bank St., Suite 2A
New London, CT 06320
860-444-9057

Public Beaches

GREENS HARBOR BEACH

At Pequot Avenue and Converse Place, Greens Harbor Beach offers both a sandy beach and a harbor setting. Visitors can swim and sunbathe. Lifeguards provide supervised swimming seasonally. Food concessions and picnic tables are available, as well as restrooms.

OCEAN BEACH PARK

At the foot of Ocean Avenue in Mystic Country, New London’s premier recreational facility provides excellent public access to the Atlantic Ocean from a beautiful white sugar sand beach, complemented by an Olympic-size freshwater pool, lockers and event staging. The 50-acre park also boasts a beautifully landscaped 18-hole miniature golf course, amusement rides, an arcade and other attractions. Ocean Beach Park opens Memorial Day weekend and operates through Labor Day. The park hosts a variety of family-oriented entertainment, festivals, volleyball tournaments, sporting events and nightly entertainment throughout the summer.

Public Transportation

AMTRAK

Union Station
27 Water St.
New London, CT 06320
800-USA-RAIL (872-7245)

BLOCK ISLAND EXPRESS FERRY SERVICES

2 Ferry St.
New London, CT 06320
860-444-4624

CROSS SOUND FERRY SERVICES

2 Ferry St.
New London, CT 06320
860-443-5281

GREYHOUND BUS

35 Water St.
New London, CT 06320
860-447-3841

SEAT (SOUTHEAST AREA TRANSIT)

21 Route 12
Preston, CT 06365
860-886-2631

Surrounding Areas

Coast Guard Academy Local Area Surrounding Areas

 

Hartford

Hartford is the capital city of Connecticut. It is in Hartford County on the Connecticut River, north of the center of the state, 24 miles (39 kilometers) south of Springfield, Massachusetts. Nicknamed the “Insurance Capital of the World,” Hartford houses many of the world’s insurance company headquarters, and insurance remains the region’s major industry. Almost 400 years old, Hartford is among the oldest cities in the United States, and following the American Civil War, took the mantle of the country’s wealthiest city from New Orleans. In 1868, Mark Twain exclaimed: “Of all the beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see, Hartford is the chief.”

Hartford is home to the nation’s oldest public art museum (Wadsworth Atheneum), the oldest public park (Bushnell Park), the oldest continuously published newspaper (The Hartford Courant) and the second-oldest secondary school in the United States (Hartford Public). Newer additions include a convention center and science center, as well as improvements to the waterfront.

Boston

Boston is the capital and largest city of Massachusetts and is one of the oldest cities in the United States. Boston is considered the economic and cultural center of the region and is sometimes regarded as the unofficial “Capital of New England.”

With many colleges and universities within the city and surrounding area, Boston is a center of higher education. The city’s economy is also based on financial services, health care and life sciences, technology and the visitor industry.

New York City

New York is the most populous city in the United States, and the center of the New York metropolitan area is among the most populous urban areas in the world. A leading global city, New York exerts a powerful influence over worldwide commerce, finance, culture, fashion and entertainment. As host of United Nations headquarters, it is also an important center for international affairs.

 

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