The White Sands Test Center (WSTC) is responsible for planning and conducting tests at White Sands Missile Range. The center command position is a board command-selected position from the assistant secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology ASA at the colonel or GS-15 level. WSTC reports to the U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command. Call 575-678-1959.
An integral part of test operations, Army Air Operations (WSA) operates four UH-1H Huey helicopters, five UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters and a C-12 King air twin turboprop aircraft to support on- and off-range test customers. The fleet is used to search and recover critical test components. The UH-1s and the C-12 can be modified with various instrument packages, sensors and payloads to support test missions. All WSMR aircraft can be used as photo/chase platforms. WSA helicopters are also capable of external load operations.
RANGE OPERATIONS DIRECTORATE
The Range Operations Directorate (RO) establishes and implements policies, programs and procedures; coordinates range operations and data measurements; and has complete flight safety control for all missiles, rockets, munitions and other devices launched from or into WSMR, or which pass through WSMR controlled airspace.
The directorate conducts flight safety management, schedules and controls all range operations, and operates a vast inventory of instrumentation used in the test and evaluation of systems and weapons. Data are collected on any variety of assets such as missiles, rockets, aircraft, bombs, munitions, ground systems and targets. The primary data collection systems are telemetry, radar, optics, Global Positions System (GPS), timing, meteorology and remote target control. Various instrumentation systems are used to receive, record and relay test data. This data is processed for real-time display at facilities where test conductors, flight safety officers and range controllers monitor and manage the test. Post mission, the data is used for comprehensive analysis of a given test. An important test enabler capability is the White Sands Integrated Target Control System (WITS). The WITS enables the range to provide target presentations for weapons tests. The WITS is fully certified to control a wide variety of targets to include both full-scale drones (e.g., QF-4 and QF-16) and subscale aircraft drones. As a full-service system, the WITS also controls dynamic ground vehicles such as consumer and tactical assets that range from pickup trucks to tanks. Instrumentation systems are available for measuring basic physical properties, including mass, temperature, force, pressure, position, velocity and acceleration. Acoustic and electro-optics instrumentation is also available, including visible and infrared imaging and nonimaging systems. Virtually all test support capabilities are transportable to enable the range to reconfigure as required to support specific test program requirements. This ability also enables the range to regularly “safari” test support to locations worldwide. In addition to traditional range instrumentation, the directorate operates the Aerial Cable Range (ACR). The ACR is a 3-mile-long Kevlar cable strung between two mountain peaks. Large targets can be suspended and rocket-propelled down the cable or drop-tested.
For more information, visit the WSMR website at www.wsmr.army.mil or call 575-678-2400. Write to: Director, Range Operations Directorate, White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002.
MATERIEL TEST DIRECTORATE
The Materiel Test Directorate (MT) provides evaluation of systems, materiel and equipment through field, laboratory and sponsors testing on WSMR for DOD, foreign, space and industry customers. Throughout its history, MT has tested a wide variety of hardware, both U.S. and foreign. Among these are air defense missile systems, including the Stinger, Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) interceptor, Patriot/Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3), surface-to-surface rocket and missile systems including Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) and its variants (guided and unitary), High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), Army Tactical Missile Systems (ATACMS) and various unmanned aerial vehicles.
The testing of today’s complex systems continues to dominate the MT workload. A typical test program will include several components: the review of system performance requirements; the development of detailed test plans; tests ranging from component, subsystem and system to software verification; validation of human factors assessments; and finally, the firing of rockets and missiles.
At each testing step, data are collected and analyzed. Finally, overall system assessments are made to assure systems are ready for Soldiers in the field. To accomplish the complex task of testing, a core team consisting of a project engineer, systems analyst and test conductor is formed. The project engineer is the focal point for all project-related test activities. He or she is responsible for planning, coordinating, executing and reporting test results and associated data analysis. The test conductor is responsible for accomplishing the test program and for directing the actual test efforts.
A key activity in the successful development and execution of an effective test program is system analysis. Systems analysts are assigned to each project to develop and implement a comprehensive test and evaluation program. Throughout a given program, analysts review the test requirements, develop detailed test plans, and monitor the collection of data during test and simulation activities. Upon completion of the test program, results are assembled to quantify the system’s performance. These assessments, along with data accuracy and confidence-level quality indicators, are presented in final test reports.
Explosive testing capabilities include facilities for safety tests such as fire, drop, bullet impact, sympathetic detonation and others. Warhead arena tests, warhead penetration tests and failure analysis of explosive components also are available. Maximum data collection for failure analysis on lethal weapon systems and submunitions can be conducted remotely using a robotic Remote Area Disassembly Vehicle.
In addition to controlled environment testing, the actual operation of the system is tested, which in many cases involves the launching of a rocket or missile. Reliability, availability and maintainability (RAM) information, including MANPRINT factors and safety data, is collected and evaluated during these tests. MT provides knowledgeable reliability engineers and equipment specialists to develop test methodology and to plan customer reliability and maintainability test programs. Test data from the programs are processed in the Developmental Test Command (DTC) Standard Data Collection System and provide test incident reports to assess overall system performance. These performance parameters indicate utility and effectiveness of the system so MT can assure the best systems possible are fielded.
For systems with embedded software, a unique requirement-oriented software assessment methodology targeted at the system performance level can be applied. The approach is focused at the software’s requirement level and deliberately avoids further debugging of the contractor’s computer code. Simulation techniques are available for evaluation of systems under test.
Mathematical models of systems, subassemblies and major components can be assembled and executed on digital computer systems. The results of simulations can help determine range safety boundaries, preflight and post-flight analysis, environmental effects on system functions and overall system performance in preparation for live firings.
MT has experience in a variety of other technical activities that are test-related. Some examples include supporting the systems engineering process, performing software independent verification and validation, monitoring developer (contractor) testing, assisting in establishing the extent to which simulation could and should be used, assisting in the verification and validation of simulations, and assisting in the identification of data collection and data reduction requirements.
When appropriate, MT coordinates requirements with the Range Operations Directorate to conduct live rocket or missile firings. This coordination determines the launch and impact site, the use of targets, and the type and accuracy of data required. For more information, visit the WSMR website at www.wsmr.army.mil or call 575-678-1241/1243. Write to: Director, Materiel Test Directorate, White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002-5158.
SURVIVABILITY, VULNERABILITY AND ASSESSMENT DIRECTORATE
The Survivability, Vulnerability and Assessment Directorate (SVAD) offers complete laboratory capabilities for nuclear environments, electromagnetic environments, and applied environment test and evaluation. As part of the laboratory capabilities, the SVAD has complete ionizing radiation simulation environments and testing expertise. The SVAD also provides extensive electromagnetic environment simulation and testing expertise. Finally, the SVAD provides myriad other environments and capabilities ranging from high and low temperatures to salt, fog, rain, shock and vibration, and a chemical laboratory.
Ionizing Radiation Test Capabilities
Major nuclear effects test facilities operated by SV include:
- White Sands Solar Furnace (WSSF): The WSSF produces intense thermal pulses or steady-state thermal radiation exposures to simulate the thermal radiation from detonation of a nuclear weapon. At full power, the energy generated by the WSSF can penetrate a half-inch stainless steel plate in 40 seconds.
- PI-538 Flash X-ray Facility: The PI-538 is a high-energy, pulsed, field-emission electron beam or Bremsstrahlung X-ray source. It provides an energy source of short duration for determining material responses to rapid and in-depth energy deposition and is a particularly cost-effective means of testing relatively large items. The system is optimized to produce an output that can irradiate substantial volumes at levels exceeding 1.0E10 cGy(Si) per second over a 50-square-centimeter area.
- Linear Electron Accelerator (LINAC): The LINAC is designed to simulate the high-intensity gamma spike associated with a nuclear weapon detonation by producing high-intensity, short-duration pulses of high-energy electron radiation for threat-level exposures.
- Gamma Radiation Facility (GRF): The GRF is designed to provide the total gamma dose and residual gamma dose environments needed for nuclear effects testing on virtually any size item. The GRF is used primarily for Transient Radiation Effects on Electronics (TREE) experiments and verification tests of systems for gamma dose survivability. However, the uses of the GRF are diverse, including radiography and shielding experiments and nuclear power plant equipment and materials verification, as well as calibration and operational testing of military RADIAC instrumentation.
- Fast Burst Reactor (FBR): The FBR is an unmoderated and unreflected cylindrical assembly of uranium and molybdenum alloy. The FBR produces high-yield pulses of microsecond width, as well as long-term, steady-state radiation, to closely simulate the neutron radiation environment produced by a fission weapon. Its principal use has been and continues to be the testing of electronic devices to a fast neutron environment. Additionally, it can be combined with the PI-538 Flash X-ray to provide a synergistic combined test environment.
- DS-20 Panoramic Irradiator: The DS-20 Panoramic Irradiator is used for gamma dose simulation testing. The facility is capable of providing dose rates between 50 and 0.01 rad(Si) per second in the direct beam with no attenuation. The Eldorado can also operate in an extended operation mode to fulfill the unique requirements of Space Radiation Environment tests. Utilizing off-axis irradiations or aluminum attenuators, lower dose rates are achieved.
In addition to these ionizing radiation producing facilities, the SV also provides test and support capabilities in conjunction with the nuclear facilities with the Semiconductor Test Laboratory and the Radiation Tolerance Assured Supply and Support Center.
The Semiconductor Test Laboratory (STL) enables all types of discrete, active and custom semiconductors to be characterized and then tested by exposure to the appropriate initial nuclear radiation (INR) environment. Due to a rapid transfer system between the four INR facilities and STL, detailed post exposure characterization of test samples can be initiated within 2 minutes. More than a dozen experienced engineers have characterized and tested more than 5,000 types of electronic devices during the past 13 years. Parametric characterizations are performed on the following mainframe testers:
Teradyne FLEX Teradyne MicroFLEX
Teradyne A580 Teradyne J750 (2 ea.)
Teradyne A575 Kalos Memory Tester (3 ea.)
ASL3000-RF ASL3000 (3 ea.)
Diamond 10 Various bench top equipment
The Radiation Tolerance Assured Supply and Support Center (RTASSC) has both ISO 9001:2008 and DLA Lab Suitability QMS certifications and is a service-oriented supply and support center dedicated to assist military and space system program offices with diminishing manufacturing sources and material shortages, proactive and reactive management and solutions, and radiation tolerance (RT) “cradle-to-grave” life cycle management and solutions. The RTASSC does this through temperature- and humidity-controlled carousel storage units and dry nitrogen storage containers.
Electromagnetic Test Capabilities: The SV operates extensive Electromagnetic (EM) Environmental Effects (E3) test facilities to support the requirements for test and evaluation of weapons systems while being subjected to electromagnetic environments (EMEs). SVE3 test and evaluation capabilities include:
- Electromagnetic radiation (EMR).
- Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).
- Electromagnetic interference (EMI).
- Electrostatic discharge (ESD).
- Electromagnetic pulse (EMP).
- EM radiation hazards
- (fuel, ordnance and personnel).
- High power microwave (HPM).
- Lightning effects (LE).
Pulsed Laser Vulnerability Test System (PLVTS): The PLVTS is the largest pulsed CO2 laser in the United States, designed to support susceptibility and vulnerability testing of EO/IR tactical weapon systems. Fully transportable and self-contained, PLVTS is capable of providing tactical threat environments at virtually any test range in the U.S. or in the world.
High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse The SV Horizontal Advanced Fast (HEMP): Electromagnetic Pulse Simulator (AFEMPS) is a fast rise time free-field EMP simulator (MIL-STD-2169B), with a 30-by-30-meter test area. The SV Vertical EMP simulator (VEMPS)is a fast rise time free-field EMP simulator (MIL-STD-2169B), with a 30-by-30-meter test area. The SV also has an RS105 Transverse EM test cell.
Lightning Test Facility (LTF): The LTF is capable of simulating both the direct and indirect lightning strike characteristic required in lightning effect testing. To simulate the direct strike of lightning, there is a high-current bank capable of producing 200,000 amps.
High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility (HELSTF): The High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility (HELSTF), operated by the Survivability Vulnerability and Assessment Directorate (SVAD), is a component of ATEC-WSMR. SVAD’s Directed Energy (DE) facilities cover the high power microwave (HPM) and high energy laser (HEL) spectrum. SVAD’s experienced workforce at HELSTF, coupled with the extensive land and airspace at White Sands Missile Range, provide a one-of-a-kind capability for a wide variety of laser propagation, lethality, survivability, vulnerability and dynamic engagements for high energy laser test and evaluation. The HELSTF represents an investment of approximately $800 million, offering a wide array of expertise, instrumentation and unique high energy laser infrastructure to support laser technology programs and weapon system development and testing approved for above-the-horizon high energy laser propagation. HELSTF is transforming its infrastructure to keep pace with changing technologies. Modernization efforts include transforming the infrastructure from chemical-based laser technology to solid-state technology; fully upgrading mission control systems; and fielding mobile diagnostic suites. These modernization efforts assisted the development and testing of future HEL technologies and maintain HELSTF as the organization of choice for testing HEL weapon systems. Key assets include:
- Solid State Laser Testbed (SSLTB): Leveraging the capability of the tactical high energy laser (THEL), HELSTF has converted components of the THEL to serve as a test bed for solid-state laser systems under development. This is the nation’s highest power solid-state laser and will provide for the investigation of high-power laser propagation effects, target lethality and engagements of short-range tactical rockets, artillery and mortars. Future efforts may include the integration of other developmental lasers and systems operating at solid-state wavelengths.
- Sea Lite Beam Director (SLBD): A high-precision beam director system built by Hughes Aircraft Co., the Sea Lite Beam Director provides the capability to track highly maneuverable short-range and long-range targets. The optics coated for the infrared and visible allow the beam director to also serve as a high-resolution imaging system to record laser engagement data and missile test data conducted at WSMR.
- 20 kW Solid State Fiber Laser: HELSTF owns and operates a 20 kW fiber laser welder device as part of a high energy laser capability for solid-state laser testing. The device is housed in a container, with its ancillary equipment, which can be transported to any location to support high energy laser testing.
- Pulsed Laser Vulnerability Test System (PLVTS): The PLVTS is the largest pulsed CO2 laser in the United States, designed to support susceptibility and vulnerability testing of EO/IR tactical weapon systems. Fully transportable and self-contained, PLVTS is capable of providing tactical threat environments at virtually any test range in the U.S. or in the world.
- Advanced Pointer Tracker (APT): The APT is a mobile, tactical-size HEL beam director to address critical pointing and tracking issues with a flexible, government-operated, open architecture. Prior significant capital investments provide for survivability tests, risk reduction tests and proof of concept demonstrations. Weapon HEL traceable software such as aim-point designation and maintenance algorithms are tested. Traceable components are evaluated to determine suitability for combat use (sensors, input and output windows, gyros, fire control, optics and beam path conditioning, etc.). Also low- and high-power survivability testing is conducted against static and dynamic targets in tactical beam propagation environments. Broadband optical coatings provide a multi-wavelength illumination and imaging capability.
- Target Reflected Energy Measurement (TREM) System: The TREM measures in-band laser radiation reflected from a ground target (static or spinning target). This capability was developed by the Directed Energy Test and Evaluation Capability (DETEC) program to address HEL T&E instrumentation shortfalls.
- Ground Target Irradiance Measurement (GTIM) System: The GTIM measures at the target the irradiance distribution of an incident continuous wave (CW) laser beam in the near-infrared (NIR) portion of the spectrum. This shortfall represented the need for a capability to provide time-dependent spatial distributions of CW laser irradiance in the NIR. The GTIM capability was developed by the DETEC program.
- HEL Hazardous Test Area (HTA): Located 900 meters downrange from the laser test cells, the HTA is used for large targets or targets with significant amounts of high explosive. The site is fully instrumented and has remotely controlled diagnostic equipment.
- Optical Maintenance Facility (OMF): The OMF provides an on-site, large, clean-room capability to clean, characterize (wavefront/damage threshold) and install optics of virtually any type.
- Large Vacuum Chamber (LVC): The LVC is a 50-foot-diameter sphere and system capable of producing a vacuum equivalent to a 650,000-foot altitude. It is the only large vacuum chamber in the country where weapon-class HEL beams can be propagated in the chamber through an 800-foot evacuated beam tube. Also, weapon system altitude qualification tests can be conducted. There is a removable, sectioned internal track platform inside the chamber that is designed to support very large and heavy test articles. One 30-ton and three 3-ton externally mounted hoists are provided at the top of the LVC for target handling. Numerous “hard” points within the LVC allow for positioning of the test article in virtually any configuration. A remotely controlled retargeting mirror allows engagement of targets within the LVC.
Applied Environments Test Capabilities: The SV also has numerous applied environment test laboratories to determine if systems can effectively operate in diverse real-world conditions. SV can subject an entire system to extreme low- and high-temperature environments in climatic test facilities. Temperature tests can be run on complete systems or individual components. The capability also exists to expose both the system and its components to rigorous dust, wind, fungus and other phenomenon. Shock and vibration facilities that duplicate typical life cycle environments are also available.
Temperature Test Facility
- Hazardous Large Chamber (105 feet long by 40 feet wide by 50 feet high).
- Small Chamber (35 feet long by 30 feet wide by 20 feet high).
- Multipurpose Chamber (70 feet by 24 feet by 21 feet).
- Salt Fog and Humidity Chamber (20 feet long by 15 feet wide by 10 feet high).
Environmental Test Area II (ETA-II)
- Humidity and Salt Fog (5 to 100 percent).
- Rain (0.5 to 27 inches per hour).
- Full Spectrum Solar (360 Btu per hour per square foot).
- Sand and Dust Chamber.
- Outdoor Blowing Sand Facility.
- Outdoor Rain Facility.
Shock and Vibration
- Vibration — logistic and tactical transportation environments.
- Shock — rough handling, drop, multiple waveforms, pendulum impact, acceleration.
- Loose cargo vibration.
- Rail impact.
- Project support (centralized and field work).
- Missile exhaust gas analysis.
- Explosives analysis.
- Failure analysis.
- Identification of unknown samples.
- Hazardous waste characterization.
- PCB analysis.
- Air and water quality measurements.
- Spill characterizations.
- Fungus testing.
Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) of Material
- Failure and material analysis on metallic, nonmetallic and advanced engineering materials.
- Scanning electron microscope (SEM).
- Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyzer.
- Lietz optical metallograph.
- Wilson digital hardness tester.
- Wilson microhardness tester with digital interface.
For more information, call: 575-678-1161/5584/0655/5699/5070.
INFORMATION MANAGEMENT DIRECTORATE
The Information Management Directorate (WSI) manages and operates WSMR information and communication resources for the successful accomplishment of the WSMR Test Mission. It is the single point of contact for information technology (IT) services in support of the WSMR test mission and all its customers to include DOD, foreign, space and industry customers. The directorate manages IT infrastructure and architecture as well as develops long-range strategic plans for WSTC information and communication resources at WSMR consistent with forecasted test mission requirements. Our organizational mission is to be the provider of choice for the full spectrum of Information and Communications Technology and Information Management Services, including Distributed Networks, Data Management, Frequency Spectrum Management, and Secure Communications, in support of the WSMR workforce and Test Mission. The directorate consists of the Office of Director, Projects Office, Network Services Division and Mission Services Division.
The Cyber Security Management Office (WS-G6-C) provides installation-level information assurance (IA) services and security engineering support to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability of mission-critical networks, systems and data. It implements the Army IA Program and provides all services as defined by NETCOM C4IM Service 18. Services available include training and certification, policy and planning, vulnerability management, compliance auditing, DIACAP and certification and accreditation support, and Communications Security (COMSEC). This office also operates a computer forensics laboratory capable of providing evidentiary-quality analysis of computer-based communications for the protection of government computer systems and networks. This office supports White Sands Test Center (WSTC) IA services for all customers and tenants utilizing the test networks.
The Distributed Systems Division (WS-G6-D) directs the development and support of intra- and inter-networks for local and distributed test and training for WSMR in support of WSTC, WSMR and WSMR partners to include operations with ATEC partner sites and other commands. It provides and promotes standardization of network processes to align with CIO/G6, ATEC, DCSIM, industry, standard architectures, COTS products and to leverage Test Control M&S tools developed within ATEC as well as provide engineering support with other WS-G6 divisions. This division consists of the Network Operations Branch, the Radio Spectrum Branch and the Transmission Branch.
The Projects Office (WSI-P) is the customer service “front door” for the Information Management Directorate. The Projects Office provides test mission planning, project management and customer fulfillment services for all directorate operations and services. Customer requirements are gathered and analyzed, cost estimates are generated and negotiated, and directorate support providers are coordinated, all according to sound project management processes to ensure mission success. As program managers, they are the directorate’s single point of contact for committing resources in support of on- and off-range mission testing as well as non-test mission telecommunication customer requirements.
The Mission Services Division (WSI-M) directs the operations and support of intra- and inter-range networks and audiovisual services for local and distributed test and training missions in support of WSMR customers. It promotes standardization of network processes to align with CIO/G6, ATEC, industry, standard architectures, COTS products and to leverage Test Control Modeling and Simulation tools developed within ATEC as well as provide engineering support with other WSI divisions. This division consists of the Electronics Documentation Branch, the Field Operations Branch and the Network Operations Branch.
The Electronic Documentation Branch (WSI-ME) performs management oversight of audiovisual support services for test mission and general support requirements. These services include still digital media for documentation, high-definition digital and analog video for documentation and production, digital and high-definition online editing, media reproduction, graphic arts, photo printing and imaging. This branch provides official DA photo and passport photo services and maintains an extensive photo and video archive that documents the history of White Sands Missile Range and its role in defending our nation.
The Field Operations Branch (WSI-MF) provides critical support to all WSMR missions. The support encompasses the entire WSMR complex and requires real-time management of transport systems and networks between information management facilities and customer locations. Personnel in this section set up all telephone, intercom, and special data and video circuits, UHF and VHF radios, ground-to-air radio links and microwave links prior to missions and ensure that all mission requirements are met. Personnel work the communications technical control facilities and operate the various mobile telecommunications units, including command control flight termination system (CC/FTS) mobiles and mobile technical control communications units. The branch is composed of the North Range Section at Stallion Range Center, the Central Range Section at Holloman Air Force Base and the South Range Section near main post.
The Network Operations Branch (WSI-MN) is composed of the Network Operations Center (NOC) and the Inter-Range Control Center (IRCC). The NOC provides daily mission support through monitoring, controlling and maintaining the telecommunications network transport system and monitoring commercial power, circuit alarms and transport-related alarms. The NOC controls circuit and bandwidth allocations for the telecommunications network and maintains the telecommunications transport system by providing technical and software support. The IRCC provides local and distributed test mission support by conducting engineering, design, planning and coordination activities to establish requirements and provide solutions for distributed test conduct, distributed networks, test data collection, display and distributed asset integration. It manages distributed tests by controlling and monitoring distributed networks, monitoring test data for quality, providing necessary displays and test applications for test participants, and providing overall event management and go and no-go decision-making.
The Network Operations Branch (WS-G6-DN) provides local and distributed test mission support.
The Inter-Range Operations Section (WS-G6-DNI) conducts engineering, design, planning and coordination activities to establish requirements and provide solutions for distributed test conduct, distributed networks, test data collection, display and distributed asset integration. It manages distributed tests during the event by controlling and monitoring distributed networks, monitoring test data for quality, providing necessary displays and test applications for test participants, and providing overall event management and go and no-go decision-making. Additionally, it manages a NIE-test facility by maintaining configuration management of hardware, software and facilities in support of network integration test activities.
The Network Operations Section (WS-G6-DNN) provides daily mission support through monitoring, controlling and maintaining the telecommunications network transport system and monitoring commercial power, circuit alarms and transport-related alarms. WS-G6-DNN controls circuit and bandwidth allocations for the telecommunications network and maintains the telecommunications transport system by providing technical and software support.
The Radio Spectrum Branch (WS-G6-DR) provides day-to-day engineering support for the various radio frequency systems, to include command and control and flight termination systems, read-back receiver systems, ground-to-air radio systems, land-mobile trunk radio systems and frequency surveillance systems. It also provides engineering layouts, diagrams, schematics and configurations for the radio frequency systems as well as coordinates with range flight safety personnel to provide the necessary interfaces and feedback systems to satisfy range safety requirements.
The Installation Spectrum Management Office (ISMO) is responsible for managing frequency allocation and authorization for all Radio Frequency (RF) spectrum users at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR); which includes all WSMR controlled real estate and test sites.
The Installation Spectrum Management Office adheres to the Army spectrum management functional processes necessary to implement the National Telecommunication and Information Administration (NTIA) Manual of Regulations and Procedures for Federal Radio Frequency Management and the provisions of Dept. of Defense Directive (DoDD) 4650.1. Per Army Regulation 5-12, all RF spectrum dependent equipment used by individuals, units, and organizations on a U.S. Army Installation will obtain spectrum certification prior to equipment use and must have the authorization of the ISMO to operate said equipment prior to use, whether the system is FCC licensed or not (Part 15/Annex K of the NTIA Manual).
Our services include, but are not limited to: frequency authorizations, spectrum coordination, frequency de-confliction, and RF interference reporting. Our goal is to provide efficient and effective planning, coordination, and management of available spectrum resources to allow our customers to operate in a safe and interference free environment.
For information, please contact the Installation Spectrum Management Office (ISMO) at 575-678-1193, DSN 258, or email email@example.com.
The Transmission Branch (WS-G6-DT) provides day-to-day engineering support of the rangewide telecommunications transport network system. It provides systems engineering for the outside plant cable infrastructure to include copper and fiber optic cables and the expansion and migration of the existing fiber optic transport network to the latest technologies, including wireless networking, offering state-of-the-art capabilities and functionality as dictated by Army and DOD policies. It provides engineering layouts, diagrams, schematics and drafting services to division-, branch- and section-level personnel and provides configuration control databases with inputs and updates for network and circuit record documentation for areas throughout the range. This branch consists of the Transmission Engineering, Installation and Field Operations sections.
The Transmission Engineering Section (WS-G6-DTE) provides systems engineering for the outside plant cable infrastructure to include copper and fiber optic cables. It provides systems engineering for the expansion and migration of the existing fiber optic transport network to the latest technologies, to include wireless network extensions, offering state-of-the-art capabilities and functionality dictated by DOD and Army policies. It provides engineering layouts, diagrams, schematics and drafting services to division-, branch- and section-level personnel. It provides configuration control databases with inputs and updates for network and circuit record documentation for areas throughout the range.
The Installation Section (WS-G6-DTI) provides installation, repair, relocation, modification and fabrication support of communications equipment. It provides inside cable installation, maintenance of special purpose communications systems and installation, maintenance and repair of cable plant systems for all of WSMR. Additionally, this section installs and brings to service total communications systems (i.e., microwave and fiber optic local area network and transmission systems).
The Field Operations Section (WS-G6-DTF) provides critical support to all WSMR missions. The support encompasses the entire WSMR complex and requires real-time management of transport systems and networks between information management facilities and customer locations. Personnel in this section set up all telephone, intercom, and special data and video circuits, UHF and VHF radios, ground-to-air radio links and microwave links prior to missions and ensure that all mission requirements are met. Personnel work the communications technical control facilities and operate the various mobile telecommunications units, including frequency surveillance mobiles, command control flight termination system (CC/FTS) mobiles and mobile technical control communications units.
The Enterprise Services Division (WS-G6-E) supports both mission and standard Army Signal communications. This division, in conjunction with the U.S. Army 106th Signal Brigade, provides Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Information Management (C4IM) services as a NETCOM Network Enterprise Center (NEC). This division also provides myriad real-time telecommunications support to all on-range, off-range and various outside-the-continental United States (OCONUS) missions. Off-range mission support is provided at: Fort Wingate, New Mexico; Cordova, Alaska; Yuma, Arizona; Washington state; Colorado Springs, Colorado; and other locations. The Enterprise Services Division consists of the Communications Branch, the Electronic Documentation Branch, the Information Assurance Branch, the Plans Branch, and the Systems and Networks Branch.
The Communications Branch (WS-G6-EC) provides communications systems and support as identified by NETCOM C4IM Service 15. The White Sands Missile Range telephone system operates as a private telephone network. The main telephone switch interconnects with 11 remote telephone switches throughout the installation. To connect to the outside world, WSMR leases local trunk lines, which connect into public telephone network switches in Las Cruces, Alamogordo and Albuquerque, New Mexico; and Fort Bliss, El Paso and Socorro, Texas. WSMR also has long-haul trunk lines that tie into the Federal Telephone System (FTS) and Defense System Network (DSN).
The Telephone Services Section (WS-G6-ECT) manages telephone services, telecommunications support contracts and leased communications services (cellphones, Blackberries, commercial voice and data circuits, etc.). This section manages the operation of the Inside-Plant (Telephone Dial Central Office/Tech Control) facility, telephone installation and repair within the cantonment area, and automated 24-hour operator services. A switched, Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP)-capable telephone system connects WSMR personnel with the worldwide commercial telephone network and various military and government networks. This section also operates and maintains state-of-the-art audio and video conferencing capabilities for both unclassified and classified conferencing.
The Electronic Services Section (WS-G6-ECC) provides electronic support services for hand-held radio and emergency equipment. This section provides design, engineering, installation, removal and maintenance of all Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), Fire Detection Systems (FDS) and Access Control used throughout the range. Major areas of responsibility are the Fast Burst Reactor. This section also provides all presentation support for all WSMR requirements and provides customized fabrication, sheet metal and welding support for Team WSMR.
The Electronic Documentation Branch (WS-G6-EE) performs management oversight of audiovisual support services for test mission and general support requirements. These services include still digital media for documentation, high-definition digital and analog video for documentation and production, digital and high-definition online editing, media reproduction, graphic arts, photo printing and imaging. This branch provides official DA photo and passport photo services and maintains an extensive photo and video archive that documents the history of White Sands Missile Range and its role in defending our nation.
Plans Branch (WS-G6-EP) is the customer service “front door” for the Information Management Directorate. The Plans Branch provides mission planning, project management and customer fulfillment services for all directorate operations and services. Customer requirements are gathered and analyzed, cost estimates are generated and negotiated, and WS-G6 support providers are coordinated, all according to sound project management processes to ensure mission success. As program managers, branch personnel commit directorate resources in support of on- and off-range mission testing as well as nonmission telecommunication customer requirements. They provide program management and act as the IM single-point-of-contact for safari testing worldwide. The Plans Branch owns the WS-G6 service catalog.
The Systems and Networks Branch (WS-G6-ES) maintains overall responsibilities for designing, operating and managing digital networks, systems, applications and support services. The branch supports both standard automation services as defined by NETCOM C4IM Service 19, as well as mission support utilizing the most dynamic and expansive network infrastructure in the nation. This branch operates five major campus networks: unclassified Internet protocol routing (NIPR), Secret Internet Protocol Routing (SIPR), White Sands Missile Range campus network (WSMRnet), and both unclassified and classified Test Support Networks (TSN). This branch operates the WSMR Data Center to provide data storage, server computing capacity and standard network services such as web, database and portal. This branch also oversees the WSMR Computer Service Desk.
For more information about the Information Management Directorate, write: Director, Information Management Directorate, White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002.
SYSTEMS ENGINEERING DIRECTORATE
The Systems Engineering Directorate (SE) is the principal developer and provider of technology and instrumentation for White Sands Test Center and its customers. SE conducts planning, concept formulation, research and development, systems engineering, systems development, systems integration, field testing, life cycle support and systems acquisition to ensure adequate test resources are available in a timely fashion to enable successful test and evaluation of current and future weapons programs. SE also manages the WSTC overall investment and modernization process.
The directorate is largely composed of engineers and scientists and is heavily augmented by contractors. SE personnel work closely with operations elements of WSMR and with range customers to identify test technology needs and to develop corresponding solutions. Developed instrumentation supports a broad base of capabilities and includes but is not limited to: radar, telemetry, imaging, graphical displays, optics, tracking, directed energy, data processing, data storage, data transmission and networks, control systems, target control (both air and ground targets), interoperability test environments, directed energy, electromagnetic effects, counter improvised explosive device testing, physical environments, etc. The span of development ranges from applied research on new and advanced sensors to subsystem-level development of range instrumentation to full systems development and integration of complex range test systems supporting intercontinental weapons testing. SE primarily supports the investment and capability needs of WSTC; however, the directorate provides support to external customers on a case-by-case basis. National labs, private industry and other test ranges augment the SE development resources.
SE is structured with an Investment Planning Office and four technical divisions. In close coordination with all WSTC elements, the Investment Planning Office has oversight and monitoring responsibility for all WSTC technology investments and ensures that all requirements are accurately documented in the Technology Development and Acquisition Program (TDAP) database and ensures adherence to all applicable regulations and policies.
Each SE division performs the same systems engineering functions of development, integration, testing and field transition but focuses its efforts on supporting specific technology areas within WSTC. The Range Integration Division provides engineering services in the areas of GPS, optics, telemetry, radar and meteorological systems. The Sensor Systems Division primarily focuses on capabilities in the areas of directed energy, physical environments, simulated and stimulated environments, electromagnetic imaging systems and counter improvised explosive devices (IED). The Networks and Control Systems Division is responsible for the technology areas to include network architecture, wireless architectures, air and ground target control systems, unmanned autonomous testing and data display systems. The Scientific Software Systems Division provides mathematical and statistical services and software development to range customers and mission support organizations including flight safety, range control and the Inter Range Control Center. This division also has expertise in mathematical modeling and modeling and simulation applications as well as real-time data processing software algorithms.
DIRECTORATE OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (MISSION/TEST CENTER)
The Directorate of Resource Management (575-678-4345 or DSN 258-4345) provides financial resource management, budget, financial planning, managerial accounting, policy, compliance and management analysis support for WSMR. It serves as the interface between Headquarters Army Test and Evaluation (HQATEC) and White Sands Missile Range organizations for those functions. This directorate also exercises staff and technical supervision for resource management, which includes both financial and manpower activities, budgeting, managerial accounting, management analysis and contract analysis. The director serves as the chief financial officer and the principal financial adviser to the commanding general and the executive director.
The Budget Division (575-678-2207 or DSN 258-2207) performs the full scope of program planning, budgeting, test resource management analysis and justification functions required to acquire financial resources needed by WSMR to perform its current and future mission. It provided technical leadership in development of consolidated WSMR budgets for research development test and evaluation (RDT&E) direct test support and other miscellaneous program element and appropriations budgets. It ensures budget submissions comply with prescribed budget methods, practices, procedures, regulations, precedents and policies. It provides budget development and execution support to the White Sands Test Center (WSTC) commander, executive director and other staff offices. It provides budget and resource management services to the WSTC and other subordinate organizational elements of the WSTC.
- Reimbursable Focus: In support of test officers and mission requirements, the Budget Division receives MIPRS and funds from Army, Navy, Air Force, Foreign Military Sales, other government agencies, and private and commercial entities for testing at WSMR. The team provides inception to retirement support of reimbursable customer funding documents; deals with reviewing, validating and processing all funding documents for incoming orders for all customers; and reviews and analyzes all transactions in accounting systems to determine if any overage funding balances can be returned back to customers for prior and current year accounts.
- Program and Operations Focus: The Budget Division deals with the execution of the full spectrum of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution System (PPBES) and provides management analysis and justification functions necessary to acquire all of the resources needed by White Sands Missile Range to perform its current and future mission. It provides expert guidance in the development of the consolidated WSMR budgets for RDT&E test support and other miscellaneous program element and appropriations budgets. It ensures budget submissions comply with the appropriate budgetary methods, practices and procedures and complies with all legal and regulatory guidance and policies. It provides budget development and execution support to the WSMR command group, WSTC and other subordinate organizational elements of the WSTC. It reviews, analyzes and recommends approval, disapproval and modification of budget requests. It develops, analyzes and maintains statistics for efficiency indicators, goals and capability profiles to ensure WSMR meets Headquarters Department of Army (HQDA) and HQATEC financial goals. It provides technical assistance on overall installation policy and procedures. It prepares presentations for the CG on financial issues for use at higher HQ meetings. It provides advice to the command group and other WSMR leadership elements on all matters regarding budgetary and financial strategies for test resource proposals. Successful and smooth management of DOD resources requires collaboration across all financial elements on WSMR and its neighboring government agencies.
The Management and Accounting Division (575-678-6029 or DSN 258-6029) performs the full range of support activities for major contracts and accounting functions in support of mission activities within the range. The division is responsible for issues related to concept plans, support agreements, the internal control program, contract oversight, reimbursable civilian and contractor direct labor hour oversight, and overall planning and support of accounting operations and related systems. This division administers and oversees various management and accounting programs and systems to ensure all are in compliance with applicable policies and regulations. The two areas of focus under the division include the following:
- Management of Contracts and Agreements: The Management and Accounting Division deals with the monitoring of requests for service contract approval; the contract manpower requirements activity; program analysis for the three large contracts, which are monitored by mission, along with some smaller mission contracts; cradle-to-grave execution and conclusion of the support agreements program; and the manager’s internal control program for the mission and WSTC by monitoring the statement of budgetary resources and key control objectives. The branch also provides monthly analysis of institutional and reimbursable contractor direct labor hours, oversees the cost tracking program, ensures all capabilities of the test center are captured correctly and provides critical information related to yearly equivalents for institutional and reimbursable contractor work. Administering to and managing all WSMR agreements is an additional opportunity to collaborate across WSMR and its neighboring communities, organizations and agencies.
- Accounting: The increased need to be accountable and auditable across the DOD has increased the roles and responsibilities of accountants in the various services. The Management and Accounting Division provides accounting policy guidance and overall accounting systems and operations support to WSMR mission organizations. This branch overseas and is responsible for the Government Travel Card Program, the Joint Reconciliation Program, debt management, timekeeping, general accounting research and oversight of interfacing data files from other systems. Financial systems managed and overseen within the branch include the Automated Time Attendance and Production System, the Defense Travel System, the Wide Area Workflow, the Standard Operations Maintenance and Research Development System (SOMARDS), the SOMARDS Financial Information Management System and the General Fund Enterprise Business System.