Two combat training brigades operate on post, each commanded by a colonel who is centrally selected by Department of the Army. There are 10 active-duty lieutenant colonel commands for basic training, each capable of training 1,200 Soldiers every cycle.
Fort Jackson also conducts Advanced Individual Training for chaplains’ assistants, administrative specialists and finance specialists. The 369th Adjutant General Battalion, part of the Soldier Support Institute, conducts the administrative training. The AIT battalion provides realistic training at Camp Victory. This forward operating base is used to complete their field training.
In support of Fort Jackson’s training mission are the 171st Infantry Brigade, the medical and dental activities, and a number of other support units.
165TH INFANTRY BRIGADE
The 165th Infantry Brigade comprises the following BCT units: 1st and 3rd battalions, 34th Infantry Regiment; the 2nd and 3rd battalions, 39th Infantry Regiment; and the 1st Battalion, 61st Infantry Regiment. A brigade headquarters oversees all the units and creates a synergistic, team-concept approach to training.
1ST BATTALION, 61ST INFANTRY REGIMENT
The 61st Infantry Regiment was constituted May 15, 1917, and organized in June 1917 at Gettysburg National Park in Pennsylvania. On Nov. 17, 1917, the regiment was assigned to the 5th Infantry Division where it received its first taste of combat. The regiment deployed to Europe during World War I, earning four battle streamers for its gallant participation in the bloody campaigns of St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Alsace and Lorraine in 1918. The 61st Infantry Regiment was inactivated at Camp Jackson, South Carolina, in September 1921.
The unit was again activated at Fort Carson, Colorado, in 1962 and assigned to the 5th Infantry Division.
The 1st Battalion, 61st Infantry Regiment, was organized as a mechanized infantry battalion and deployed to Vietnam in 1968. The battalion fought bravely and received eight campaign streamers for fierce fighting along the DMZ. The battalion also received the Valorous Unit Award streamer embroidered Vietnam 1969, the Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm 1969 and 1970, and the Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal First Class streamer 1970.
With the inactivation of the 5th Infantry Division, the 61st Infantry Regiment was withdrawn from the Combat Arms Regimental System on June 16, 1989. On June 8, 1993, the 61st Infantry Regiment was reorganized under the U.S. Army Regimental System and transferred to Training and Doctrine Command, known as TRADOC. In 2003, the battalion returned from deployment to Taszar, Hungary, where Soldiers trained civilian Iraqi exiles as the Free Iraqi Forces to assist U.S. and coalition forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom. The 1st Battalion, 61st Infantry Regiment, is currently assigned to Fort Jackson and conducts BCT as part of the 165th Infantry Brigade.
2ND BATTALION AND 3RD BATTALION, 39TH INFANTRY REGIMENT
The 39th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Syracuse, New York, on June 1, 1917, by transfer of veteran troops from the 30th Infantry Regiment. In December, the 39th was assigned to the 4th Infantry Division and in spring 1918, sailed for France as part of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I. The regiment distinguished itself in the key Aisne-Marne, Champagne, St. Mihiel, Lorraine and Meuse-Argonne campaigns, earning its famous nickname, “Fighting Falcons.”
During the lull between wars, the regimental crest was designed and approved. Each of the devices in the crest holds significant meaning for the regiment. The shield is blue for infantry. The fleur-de-lis is from the coat of arms of Soissons, a town in France recaptured by the 39th Regiment in 1918. The two trees represent the Groves of Cresnes, the site of the regiment’s first military success in France during World War I. The boar’s head on the canton is taken from the crest of the 30th Infantry Regiment and indicates the 39th was organized with personnel from the 30th Infantry Regiment. The crest is a falcon’s head, for Mount Faucon in Meuse-Argonne. The falcon holds, in its bill, an ivy leaf from the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 4th Infantry Division to which the regiment was assigned during World War I. The motto “D’une Vaillance Admirable” is a quotation from the French citation, which awarded the Croix de Guerre with Gilt Star to the regiment for its distinguished service in World War I. The motto best translates — “With a military courage worthy of admiration.”
The 39th Infantry Regiment was reactivated Aug. 1, 1940, and became the first unit of U.S. combat troops to set foot on foreign soil when they stormed the beaches of Algiers in November 1942. During fighting in Sicily, Italy, the regiment came under the command of the legendary Col. Harry A. “Paddy” Flint, who gave the regiment its triple-A bar nothing slogan: anything, anywhere, anytime — bar nothing.
The regiment took great pride in the slogan, displaying it on helmets and vehicles, even in combat. Later in the war, the 39th landed at Utah Beach and fought through France. The Fighting Falcons joined the 47th Infantry Regiment in capturing Roetgen, the first German town to fall in World War II.
After a series of inactivations and activations spanning a 20-year period, the 2nd Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment, was reactivated Feb. 1, 1966, as part of the 9th Infantry Division, and in late 1966 it deployed for combat in Vietnam.
Following reactivation and transfer to TRADOC, the 2nd Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment, departed Fort Dix, New Jersey, for Fort Jackson, arriving Aug. 22, 1990. The battalion is justifiably proud of its historic past and today continues to uphold these same high standards of excellence in BCT as it prepares young men and women for service to their nation.
Following World War II, the 3rd Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment, was inactivated in Germany and reactivated in 1947 at Fort Dix, New Jersey. Over the next 20 years, the battalion was assigned to Fort Carson, Colorado; Fort Riley, Kansas; and Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. During the Vietnam War, the battalion fought underneath both the 1st and 3rd brigades of the 9th Infantry Division. Following the Vietnam War, the battalion was activated and inactivated at various locations to include Fort Lewis, Washington, and Fort Dix, New Jersey. Most recently, the battalion was activated under the 165th Infantry Brigade at Fort Jackson.
The 3rd Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment possesses 12 battle streamers and the French and Belgian fourrageres. The 3rd Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment has taken part in campaigns in World War I, World War II and Vietnam — to include participation in Aisne-Marne, Champagne, Lorraine, Sicily, Normandy, Rhineland and the Tet Counter-offensive I-IV, to name but a few.
For its part in World War I and II and the Vietnam conflict, the 39th Infantry Regiment possesses 21 battle streamers. Its decorations include four Presidential Unit Citations, four French Croix de Guerre (two with Palm and one with Gilt Star) and the Belgian fourragere.
Anything, anywhere, anytime — bar nothing!
1ST BATTALION AND 3RD BATTALION, 34TH INFANTRY REGIMENT
The 34th Infantry Regiment was constituted July 1, 1916, in the Regular Army. It was organized in El Paso, Texas, on July 15, 1916, by transfer of personnel from the 7th, 20th and 23rd infantry regiments. Its initial mission included guard duty on the Mexican border and the training of National Guard units.
During World War I, the 34th was shipped to France, arriving Aug. 27, 1918. On Oct. 9, 1918, the regiment held the extreme left of the 7th Infantry Division’s flank. The regiment received battle honors “Lorraine” for actions during this period.
In World War II, the 34th Infantry was chosen to spearhead the assault on Leyte, to liberate the Philippines. The unit was in a series of bloody battles for 78 continuous days. The 1st Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment, received the Presidential Unit Citation for conspicuous valor and outstanding performance. The battalion’s nickname, “Leyte Dragons,” derives its recognition during the Leyte assault.
The 34th Infantry Regiment made its second beachhead assault in the Philippines on the island of Luzon. It was later chosen to assault the island of Corregidor. On June 30, 1950, in the Republic of Korea, the 34th Infantry Regiment, with the 24th Infantry Division, began to successfully delay the North Korean People’s Army until the United Nations forces could arrive to hold the Pusan Perimeter. The 1st Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment, was deactivated Jan. 15, 1993, and was reactivated Jan. 12, 1996, at Fort Jackson. Following periods as a reserve and an inactive unit, the 3rd Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment, resumed active duty as a BCT unit.
193RD INFANTRY BRIGADE
The 193rd Infantry Brigade, or “Task Force Bayonet,” comprises five active component BCT battalions: the 1st, 2nd and 3rd battalions, 13th Infantry Regiment; and the 2nd and 3rd battalions, 60th Infantry Regiment.
The brigade’s history includes participation in World War II during operations in the Ruhr pocket and with the Third Army’s operations in Czechoslovakia. The 193rd Infantry Brigade moved to Panama in 1962, and in December 1989, participated in Operation Just Cause to depose Manuel Noriega. Today, it is based at Fort Jackson, with the mission to conduct BCT and transform America’s sons and daughters into Soldiers.
1ST, 2ND AND 3RD BATTALIONS, 13TH INFANTRY REGIMENT
The regiment was initially formed in July 1789 as the 13th Infantry Regiment. Reconstituted in May 1861, Gen. William T. Sherman was the colonel of the regiment and Phillip Sheridan was one of the original captains.
During the Civil War, the regiment participated in the battles of Haynes Bluff, Champion Hill and Black River. During the assault on Vicksburg, on May 19, 1863, the regiment earned its motto “First at Vicksburg,” as the 13th Infantry Regiment was the only unit to plant its colors on the Confederate position.
On Feb. 27, 1987, 2nd and 3rd battalions, 13th Infantry Regiment, were transferred to the U.S. Army Training Center Command and reorganized at Fort Jackson. On Nov. 16, 2005, 1st Battalion, 13th Infantry Regiment, was reactivated at Fort Jackson. Today, the 1st Battalion, “Vicksburg,” 2nd Battalion, “Forty Rounds,” and 3rd Battalion, “Forty Rounds,” 13th Infantry Regiment, conduct Initial Entry Training at Fort Jackson.
2ND AND 3RD BATTALIONS, 60TH INFANTRY REGIMENT
With distinguished combat service during World War I, World War II and Vietnam, these two battalions — the 2nd Battalion “Scouts Out” and 3rd Battalion “River Raiders,” 60th Infantry Regiment — are now located at Fort Jackson.
The 2nd Battalion was reactivated on Fort Jackson in August 1996, and the 3rd Battalion was reactivated here Nov. 16, 2005. Both battalions of the historic “Go Devil” regiment train and prepare new Soldiers to become an integral part of America’s Army.
120TH ADJUTANT GENERAL BATTALION (RECEPTION)
The 120th Adjutant General Battalion traces its lineage to the territory of Hawaii where it was constituted and then active on March 15, 1945, at Fort Shafter, Hawaii. The battalion performed with distinction in the Asiatic-Pacific theater, received WWII campaign participation credit and was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation. The battalion was reactivated on May 30, 1987, and was organized at Fort Jackson.