Updated On: 11/1/2012 6:56:17 PM
The 21st Space Wing hosts more than 50 mission partners at Peterson Air Force Base, providing base security, communications and logistical support, and a host of other services. read more...
Air Force Space Command
Air Force Space Command, created Sept. 1, 1982, is a major command with headquarters at Peterson Air Force Base, Colo. AFSPC provides military-focused space and cyberspace capabilities with a global perspective to the joint warfighting team, while taking the USAF lead role in developing cyberspace capabilities. Air, space and cyberspace are inextricably connected and exponentially increase each other's capabilities to provide a distinct strategic advantage. AFSPC provides the most capable and remarkable military space and cyberspace force the world has ever known and is taking decisive steps to position resources and people to meet the challenges America will encounter in these vital domains.
Global Access, Persistence and Awareness for the 21st Century.
Provide Resilient and Cost-Effective Space and Cyberspace Capabilities for the Joint Force and the Nation.
Highly Skilled and innovative Space and Cyberspace professionals assured full spectrum space and cyber capabilities for the Joint Force and Partners Resilient, integrated systems that preserve operational advantage
Approximately 41,000 professionals, assigned to 85 locations worldwide and deployed to an additional 35 global locations, perform the AFSPC missions. AFSPC professionals also support contingency deployments in every major theater of operations.
AFSPC has two numbered air forces, three centers and one office. The 14th Air Force is located at Vandenberg AFB, Calif., and provides space capabilities for the joint fight through the operational missions of spacelift; position, navigation, and timing; satellite communications; missile warning; and space control. The 24th Air Force is located at Lackland AFB, Texas, and its mission is to assure the joint warfighter freedom of action by establishing, extending, operating and defending assigned portions of the Department of Defense network to provide capabilities in, through and from cyberspace.
The Space and Missile Systems Center at Los Angeles AFB, Calif., manages the research, design, development, acquisition, and sustainment of satellites and the associated command and control systems. It oversees launches, completes on-orbit checkouts, and delivers systems for operational use. SMC is home to the System Program Offices for global positioning, military satellite communications, space-based infrared, space-based weather, space superiority, and launch and range systems. SMC also supports space test ranges, responsive space, and other emerging evolutionary space programs.
The Space Innovation and Development Center at Schriever AFB, Colo., is responsible for efforts to fully integrate space capabilities into the operational battle space. Its mission is to advance full-spectrum warfare through rapid innovation, integration, training, testing and experimentation.
The Air Force Network Integration Center at Scott AFB, Ill., provides network integration and engineering services that ensure new systems neither introduce vulnerabilities to the Air Force Network nor disrupt existing functions, creating a resilient network environment that preserves operational advantage. A cyberspace without limits for a unified global force ... AFNIC will get you there!
The Air Force Spectrum Management Office, co-located with the other national military spectrum management offices at Fort Meade, Md., is responsible for planning, providing and preserving access to the electromagnetic spectrum for the Air Force and selected DoD activities in support of national policy objectives, systems development and global operations through analysis and negotiation with international, civil and military organizations. AFSMO is responsible for all Air Force spectrum management-related matters, policy and procedures defending and articulating Air Force spectrum access to regulatory agencies at the joint, national and international levels.
AFSPC major installations include Peterson AFB, Schriever AFB and Buckley AFB in Colorado; Los Angeles AFB and Vandenberg AFB in California; and Patrick AFB in Florida. Major AFSPC units also reside on bases managed by other commands in New Mexico, Texas, Illinois, Virginia and Georgia. AFSPC manages many smaller installations and geographically separated units in North Dakota, Alaska, Hawaii and across the globe.
Spacelift operations at the East and West Coast launch bases provide services, facilities and range safety control for the conduct of government and commercial launches. Through the command and control of all DoD satellites, satellite operators provide force-multiplying effects, continuous global coverage, low vulnerability and autonomous operations. Satellites provide essential in-theater secure communications, weather and navigational data for ground, air and fleet operations and threat warning. Space Based Missile Warning satellites monitor ballistic missile launches around the world to guard against a surprise missile attack against North America. When these ballistic missiles come into the field of view of the Ground-based radars, the radars will detect and track until the missiles leave the FOV relaying precise launch and predicted impact locations to the distant ends. Ground-based radars at Beale AFB, Calif., Fylingdales, UK; and Thule AB, Greenland; have been upgraded as part of the missile defense architecture and provide tracking information for the engagement of enemy missiles.
Space surveillance radars and satellites provide vital information on the location of satellites and space debris for the nation and the world. Maintaining space superiority is an emerging capability required to protect our space assets. AFSPC acquires, operates and supports the Global Positioning System, Defense Satellite Communications System, Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (in concert with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Air Force Reserve Command), Defense Support Program, MILSTAR Satellite Communications System, Advanced Extremely High Frequency System, Wideband Global SATCOM Satellite system, Global Broadcast Service, Space Based Space Surveillance and the Space-Based Infrared System. AFSPC currently operates the Delta IV and Atlas V launch vehicles. The Atlas V and Delta IV launch vehicles comprise the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle program, which is the future of assured access to space. AFSPC's launch operations include the Eastern and Western ranges and range support for all launches, including the space shuttle on the Eastern range. The command maintains and operates a worldwide network of satellite tracking stations, called the Air Force Satellite Control Network, to provide communications links to satellites.
Ground-based radars used primarily for ballistic missile warning include the Upgraded Early Warning Radar, PAVE Phased Array Warning System, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System and Perimeter Acquisition Radar Attack radars. The Maui Optical Tracking Identification Facility, Ground-based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance System, Passive Space Surveillance System, and phased-array and mechanical radars provide primary space surveillance coverage. New transformational space programs are continuously being researched and developed to enable AFSPC to stay on the leading-edge of technology.
Cyberspace operations have revolutionized the manner in which the military operates, dramatically altering the way we fight. Cyberspace is a global domain within the information environment consisting of the interdependent network of information technology infrastructures, including the Internet, telecommunications networks, computer systems, and embedded processors and controllers. Cyberspace is a vital domain that must be protected because it is critical to all military operations. The primary focus of AFSPC's cyberspace operations is to support the joint warfighter by enhancing situational awareness, operationalizing command and control and increasing mission assurance of the Air Force Networks. Air Force Space Command conducts cyber operations through its subordinate units: 24th Air Force, 67th Network Warfare Wing and the 688th Information Operations Wing at Lackland AFB, Texas, and the 689th Combat Communications Wing at Robins AFB, Ga. These organizations ensure the warfighters maintain an information advantage as the Air Force prosecutes military operations in the joint environment. More than 5,400 men and women conduct or support 24-hour operations involving cyberspace operations for 24th Air Force units. In addition, more than 10,000 Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve personnel directly support the Air Force Space Command cyber mission.
In 1982, the Air Force established Air Force Space Command, with space operations as its primary mission. During the Cold War, space operations focused on missile warning, space surveillance and command and control for national leadership. In 1991, Operation Desert Storm provided emphasis for the command's new focus on support to the warfighter. The Space Warfare Center, now named the Space Innovation and Development Center, was created to ensure space capabilities reach the people who need it. ICBM forces joined AFSPC in 1993.
In 2001, upon the recommendation of the Space Commission, the Space and Missile Systems Center joined the command. It previously belonged to Air Force Materiel Command. AFSPC is currently the only Air Force command to have its acquisition arm within the command. In 2002, also on a recommendation from the Space Commission, AFSPC was assigned its own four-star commander after previously sharing a commander with U.S. Space Command and NORAD.
In the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the President directed military action against Afghanistan and Iraq. AFSPC provided extensive space-based support to the U. S. Central Command commander in the areas of communications; positioning, navigation and timing; meteorology; and warning. In 2005, the Air Force expanded its mission areas to include cyberspace. In concert with this, the U.S. Air Force assigned responsibility for conducting cyberspace operations to AFSPC. 24th Air Force was activated in August 2009, and achieved full operational capability in October 2010. In order to focus the USAF nuclear mission, the Air Force activated Air Force Global Strike Command to consolidate all nuclear forces under one command. In accordance with this realignment, AFSPC transferred its ICBM forces to AFGSC in December 2009.
North American Aerospace Defense Command and U.S. Northern Command
NORAD and USNORTHCOM are separate commands that have complementary homeland defense missions and the same commander. The two commands operate within a common security environment and share common values, understanding the urgency and importance of our duties in light of very real and present dangers to North America.
Established May 12, 1958, NORAD is a United States and Canadian bi-national organization charged with the missions of aerospace warning, aerospace control, and maritime warning for North America. Aerospace warning includes monitoring of manmade objects in space, and detection, validation, and warning of attack against North America by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, through mutual support arrangements with other commands. Aerospace control includes ensuring air sovereignty and defense of the airspace of Canada and the United States. Maritime warning includes processing, assessing and disseminating information and intelligence on potential maritime threats.
U.S. Northern Command was established Oct. 1, 2002, to provide command and control of Department of Defense homeland defense efforts and to coordinate Department of Defense support of civil authorities. USNORTHCOM anticipates and conducts Homeland Defense and Civil Support operations within the assigned area of responsibility to defend, protect, and secure the United States and its interests.
NORAD AND USNORTHCOM
The headquarters for NORAD and USNORTHCOM are located in Building 2 at Peterson Air Force Base. Within Building 2, the NORAD and USNORTHCOM Command Center enables the two commands to coordinate and collaborate land, air, space, missile warning, maritime and cyber domain activities in accomplishing their missions. This integrated command center brings the commands' missions together in a way that creates great synergy. It significantly improves situational awareness and appropriate responsiveness to threats, natural hazards or major events in either of our countries.
This command and control center maintains constant links with more than 150 command centers across the United States and Canada and among partner combatant commands around the world. This instant connectivity and con-stant information-sharing helps NORAD and USNORTHCOM anticipate and meet the continental defense challenges of the present and future.
U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command/U.S. Army Forces Strategic Command
The U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command/U.S. Army Forces Strategic Command provide command and control of the 1st Space Brigade and the 100th Missile Defense Brigade (Ground-based Midcourse Defense). SMDC/ARSTRAT also provides secure, space-based Blue Force Tracking and communications planning through Regional Satellite Communications Support Centers and the Measurements and Signatures Intelligence-Advanced Geospatial Intelligence (MASINT-AGI) node to Army forces and, upon request, to joint warfighters.
Since the first Gulf War, space Soldiers have supported every major contingency operation with long haul communications, satellite imagery, and early warning of missile launches. Space Soldiers are spread around the globe providing flexible, reliable, and pinpoint support to warfighters and homeland defense against missile attack.
1st Space Brigade's 53rd Signal Battalion operates and manages the Defense Satellite Communications System Operations Centers. This system provides assured communications for command and control, critical intelligence, video teleconferences, and logistics to U.S. warfighting forces—anywhere, anytime.
The battalion manages and controls user access to the DSCS payloads to assure the reliability of the communications they provide to tactical and strategic warfighters. The battalion is composed of six companies located around the world that operate DSCS control facilities.
1st Space Battalion's support to the Army, joint, and coalition warfighter spans the globe.
• The Army Space Support Company fields Army Space Support Teams to provide capabilities, expertise, and products as the warfighter plans and executes the full spectrum of military operations. The teams work closely with the Army's space operations officers assigned to Army and Joint units. This partnership provides the warfighter with the best possible space support.
• The Theater Missile Warning Company operates Joint Tactical Ground Stations providing early warning of missile launches worldwide to deployed U.S. forces. The five JTAGS systems are operated by joint Army/Navy crews and are a part of U.S. Strategic Command's Tactical Event System.
COLORADO ARMY NATIONAL GUARD SPACE SUPPORT BATTALION
This Colorado Army National Guard battalion provides space-based support to designated ground forces commanders in support of Army operations. This battalion demonstrates that citizen-Soldiers can bring space capabilities to the Army and leverages the expertise and experience in space that these citizen-Soldiers gain in their civilian jobs.
The 100th Missile Defense Brigade, Colorado Army National Guard, provides oversight of the Soldiers trained to operate the nation's limited missile defense capability. The brigade has trained operators who monitor the GMD system at the Joint National Integration Center at Schriever AFB. The brigade comes under the overall direction of the responsible combatant commander during an operational mission.
The 49th Missile Defense Battalion, Alaska Army National Guard, provides physical security and defense of the interceptor site as well as operators who are trained to operate the GMD system. The Soldiers who operate and maintain the system undergo a strenuous course of education and training before being available for assignment to the missile site at Fort Greely, Alaska.
Working with USSTRATCOM, the Missile Defense Agency, the Army National Guard, and many others, SMDC/ARSTRAT is helping to develop a missile defense capability. As the user and operator of the Ground-based Midcourse Defense capability, SMDC/ARSTRAT is contributing to ongoing developmental efforts in planning and user refinements and establishing the tactics, techniques, and procedures with which it will be operated.
302nd Airlift Wing
The 302nd Airlift Wing, Colorado's only Air Force Reserve flying unit, is the largest mission partner on Peterson Air Force Base. Approximately 1,300 Reservists are assigned, 200 of which are full-time employees as Air Reserve Technicians. In addition, approximately 180 active duty members assigned to the 52nd Airlift Squadron are associated with the Wing. The 302nd AW is one of nine C-130 Air Force Reserve units with an airdrop and airlift mission in the nation.
The wing is assigned 12 C-130H3 Hercules aircraft, operated by the wing's 731st Airlift Squadron, and its associated active duty squadron, the 52nd Airlift Squadron.
The primary operational mission of the 302nd AW is tactical airlift and airdrop. The wing also has the specialized mission of aerial firefighting using the U.S. Forest Service's portable Modular Airborne Fire Fighting Systems.
All units assigned to the 302nd AW can be activated and deployed from the United States to any location in the world within 72 hours.
The 302nd AW has three groups and a medical squadron assigned. The groups are the 302nd Operations Group, the 302nd Maintenance Group and the 302nd Mission Support Group. The 302nd Aeromedical Staging Squadron ensures the wing members' medical readiness.
The 302nd AW is one of the Air Force Reserve Command's C-130 units to have an active duty Air Force squadron component as part of the Air Force's Total Force Integration initiative. Total Force Integration allows for maximum use of the wing's aircraft, while capitalizing on the high years of experience found in members of the Air Force Reserve. The 52nd Airlift Squadron, assigned to the 19th Airlift Wing, based at Little Rock Air Force Base, Ark., began its association with the 302nd AW in October of 2009, and is expected to be at full operational capability by 2012.
The 302nd AW comes under the operational control of the Air Force Reserve Command, headquartered at Robins AFB, Ga. When called to active duty through presidential order, the wing would be gained by 18th Air Force and would become an active-duty unit under Air Mobility Command, Scott AFB, Ill.
Established as the 302nd Troop Carrier Wing on May 16, 1949, the 302nd AW was first activated by the Air Force Reserve on June 27, 1949. In the mid-1950s, the wing flew airlift operations in the United States and overseas.
The 302nd AW was called to active duty during the Cuban missile crisis of 1962. During the 1960s, wing aircraft and crews performed worldwide airlift missions and participated in numerous tactical exercises. The unit was deactivated on April 1, 1981. In mid-1983, the unit, then designated the 901st Tactical Airlift Group, moved to newly-constructed facilities on Peterson AFB and reactivated April 1, 1985.
The wing received one of its most challenging tests in 1990-1991 with Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. More than 600 wing members--including flying, medical and maintenance personnel—deployed to the Persian Gulf, England and stateside locations to support active duty operations.
At the end of the Gulf War, the 302nd AW supported Operation Provide Comfort, air dropping food and supplies to Kurdish refugees. The wing supported Operations Provide Relief and Restore Hope in Somalia, Coronet Oak in Panama, Provide Promise's humanitarian airlift to Bosnia and hurricane relief to Homestead AFB, Fla.
In 1999, the wing assisted in humanitarian relief to refugees from Kosovo and Operation Allied Force.
In December 2001, the 302nd AW became the first Air Force Reserve C-130 unit to mobilize and deploy in support of Operations Noble Eagle and Enduring Freedom in response to the 9/11 attacks, flying airlift missions out of Europe. During that period, members of the 302nd Security Forces Squadron were mobilized and deployed to various locations around the globe, including Southwest Asia. Since 2003, members of the Airlift Control Flight, Aeromedical Staging Squadron, Aerial Port Squadron, Security Forces, Transportation, Services, Intelligence and Personnel have been mobilized and deployed in support of Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. The 302nd AW was later activated in support of U.S. Central Command operations in Southwest Asia in 2005-2006.
The wing continues to provide operational support to ongoing overseas contingency operations. In the summer of 2008, two C-130 aircraft, aircrews and support personnel deployed to Southwest Asia. Other units and individuals within the 302nd AW have also deployed to Southwest Asia, including the 302nd Security Forces Squadron, which deployed Airmen in the summer of 2008. In the spring of 2009, members of the 302nd Civil Engineer Squadron deployed as well to Kirkuk Regional Air Base, Iraq. In January 2010, the wing provided humanitarian aid relief for earthquake victims in Haiti during the Wing's Operation Coronet Oak deployment which included providing airlift support to U.S. Southern Command's Operation Unified Response.
In September 2010, the 302nd AW deployed operations and maintenance Airmen and C-130s to Southwest Asia in support of Operations New Dawn and Enduring Freedom for a four-month deployment. This deployment was in addition to numerous individually deployed 302nd AW Airmen during the same time period.
The wing is the only Air Force Reserve unit trained and equipped for the Modular Airborne Fire Fighting System mission, which involves air dropping fire-retardant from as low as 150 feet above the ground to contain wildfires. The MAFFS systems, which are inserted into the C-130s, are owned by the U.S. Forest Service and can be activated and installed on the C-130 within hours. The wing has flown firefighting missions throughout the western United States since the 302nd AW took on the AF Reserve portion of the MAFFS mission in 1993. In 2008 and again in 2011, the 302nd AW was the lead wing for MAFFS operations. When southern California wildfires flared up in June 2008, the 302nd Air Expeditionary Group was formed, overseeing the activation of all Air National Guard, AF Reserve MAFFS, U.S. Marine and U.S. Navy assets from June 25 to Aug. 5. The 302nd Airlift Wing's MAFFS-equipped aircraft and crews were called up again to support wildland fires in Israel in December, 2010. Upon arrival to Lajes Field in the Azores, the Israel fires were under control and the MAFFS-equipped C-130s and aircrews returned to home station. International support of MAFFS occurred in April 2011 with the Wing's support of wildland fires in Mexico. In 2011, the 302nd Air Expeditionary Group was formed once again when MAFFS capabilities were called upon numerous times in support of fires throughout the United States.
311th Airlift Squadron
The 311th Airlift Squadron is an active duty squadron assigned to the 375th Air Mobility Wing at Scott AFB, Illinois. It operates 4 C-21A aircraft, providing operational support airlift throughout North America. The unit supports top U.S. and Canadian commanders, the Superintendent of the Air Force Academy, key federal officials, members of Congress and senior-ranking military leaders.
Staffing for the 311th is primarily by first assignment pilots who acquire valuable flying experience operating C-21A aircraft. In wartime, the C-21A provides worldwide, time-sensitive movement of people and cargo.
200th Airlift Squadron
The 200th Airlift Squadron is a Colorado Air National Guard unit flying the newest C-21A (Lear 35) aircraft in the Air Force.
In November 1997, the 200th AS took delivery of the first of two C-21A aircraft and in April 1998 began flying missions assigned by the Joint Operational Support Aircraft Center.
The unit moved from Buckley Air National Guard Base to Peterson in April 1999. Current manning includes full time and traditional Guardsmen; pilots and enlisted support personnel, plus contract maintenance which is shared with an active duty C-21 squadron.
367th Recruiting Squadron
People are the Air Force's most valuable asset. Without them, even the most advanced weapon systems are rendered useless. The 367th Recruiting Squadron inspires, engages and recruits the brightest, most competitive and diverse men and women for service in America's Air Force from a cross-section of the Rocky Mountain Region, responsive to the ever-changing needs of the Air Force. The 367 RCS covers more than 450,000 square miles in the Western and Southwestern regions of the United States and is divided into seven enlisted accessions flights, each responsible for different parts of the squadron's zone. The squadron also has recruiters for Officer Training School and four Military Entrance Processing Stations. The 367th RCS places emphasis on recruiting people into one of more than 150 enlisted career opportunities as well as rated and non-rated officer opportunities. For more information on the recruiting service mission or on becoming part of America's Air Force, call 554-1232.
AFOTEC Detachment 4
The Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center Detachment 4, located at Peterson AFB, conducts operational test and evaluation of space, cyberspace, and missile defense systems in operationally realistic battle space environments to determine their operational effectiveness, suitability, and overall mission capability. Operational test and evaluation is done at the system-of-systems level for all system segments including spacecraft, command and control, and warfighter user equipment. Recent Detachment 4 operational testing includes the Global Positioning System, Space-Based Space Surveillance and the Advanced Extremely High Frequency system. Additionally, Detachment 4 supports the Ballistic Missile Defense System Operational Test Agency Combined Test Force, participating in the testing and exercise events that evaluate components and spirals of the overall BMDS system.
Defense Commissary Agency
The commissary is open Monday through Saturday, 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. and Sunday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. for regular shopping. The store is open for early bird shopping Monday through Friday, 7 to 9 a.m. for self check out (20 items or less) at the express line. Call (719) 556-7765 or DSN 834-7765 for information.
The base exchange sells compact discs and videos, jewelry, clothing, camera, radio, television and stereo equipment, major appliances, magazines, luggage, and many other convenience items. There is also a Colorado souvenir shop. The main exchange hours are Monday through Saturday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. and Sunday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.
The Military Clothing Sales Store, in the exchange and commissary mall, has military clothing items and an alterations shop.
Other services includes a huge food court, beauty and barber shops, optical center, GNC, watch repair and more. The Shoppette, Building 1700, is open 24 hours a day. The Shoppette carries beverages, food, magazines, health and beauty aids, and pet supplies. The Shoppette package store offers non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages, and limited party supplies.