PETERSON AFB


21st Space Wing

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21st Space Wing History

The 21st Space Wing is the Air Force's only organization providing missile warning, missile defense and space control operations to unified commanders and combat forces worldwide. The wing provides missile warning and space control data to U.S. Strategic Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command through a network of ground-based radars and optics operated by geographically separated units around the world, making us a vital component of our nation's defense. While we are postured globally, our area of expertise is space—the ultimate high ground. To ensure our continued success in all our operations, we are constantly building a culture of leadership, innovation and discipline.

Our Airmen detect and track ballistic missile launches, using cutting-edge systems to provide data on foreign ballistic missile launches. This information provides "top cover" for today's warfighters, while also providing continual space control information for a number of applications allowing for the safe and responsible use of space. The wing also provides defensive and offensive counterspace capabilities to rapidly achieve flexible and versatile space effects to support the warfighter worldwide.

Today, ballistic missile warning is critically important to U.S. military forces. At least 17 nations currently have nuclear, biological or chemical weapons, and the technology to deliver them over long distances. According to intelligence estimates, during the next 10 years, several Third World countries will develop the technology and capability to launch ICBMs at the United States, making space situational awareness more critical than ever.

The wing is also responsible for the professional operation of six installations including Peterson Air Force Base; Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station; Thule Air Base, Greenland; Clear Air Force Station, Alaska; Cavalier Air Force Station, N.D.; and Cape Cod Air Force Station, Mass.

At Peterson, the wing supports myriad mission partners, including North American Aerospace Defense Command, U.S. Northern Command, Air Force Space Command, Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Strategic Command, and the 302nd Airlift Wing (Reserve) as well as 48 units from other major commands. About 11,000 Airmen, as well as Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Coast Guardsmen, civil servants, and contractors, pass through the gates every day, and the wing is also responsible for providing services to more than 16,000 retirees and their family members in the Colorado Springs area.

Lastly, the wing is tasked with providing combat-ready and disciplined forces to deploy worldwide in response to combatant commander taskings. Approximately 25 percent of the wing's military personnel deploys each year in support of overseas contingency operations.

Missile Warning

The 21st SW's ground-based missile warning sites employ solid state phased-array radar systems. Their mission is to detect Sea-Launched Ballistic Missile and Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles attacks against the continental United States and Canada, and determine the potential number and probable destination of these missiles. The wing has space warning squadrons at Cape Cod Air Force Station, Mass; Beale AFB, Calif.; Cavalier AFS, N.D.; Thule AB, Greenland; and Clear AFS, Alaska. The wing has a liaison at the missile warning site at Royal Air Force Fylingdales, United Kingdom. All these sites provide continual information as part of an integrated global network of missile warning systems. Missile warning data from these sites are sent to U.S. Strategic Command's Missile Warning Center at Cheyenne Mountain Air Station, Colo. Data is also sent to the National Military Command Center and USSTRATCOM's Global Operations Center.

Three of the missile warning sites employ a specific type of phased-array radar called the PAVE Phased-Array Warning System. The radar works by sending out a beam formed from several transmitters eliminating the need to move or rotate the radar. The PAVE PAWS radar can electronically change its point of focus in milliseconds, while conventional dish-shaped radar may take up to a minute to mechanically swing from one area to another. Raytheon built the PAVE PAWS radars, with the original AN/FPS-115 becoming operational in the 1970s. The first AN/FPS-123, a more powerful phased-array radar, was operational on April 4, 1980 at Cape Cod Missile Early Warning Station, now called Cape Cod Air Force Station in Massachusetts. The AN/FPS-123 was subsequently installed at Beale AFB, Calif.; Eldorado AFB, Texas; and Robins AFB, Ga. These roughly 90-foot diameter circular-panel radars are mounted on two or more walls of a triangular-shaped pyramid structure. PAVE PAWS can detect and track targets a range of approximately 3,000 nautical miles. There were originally four continental United States sites. Two of the original CONUS sites, Cape Cod AFS, operated by the 6th Space Warning Squadron, and Beale AFB, operated by the 7th Space Warning Squadron, are still operational. Beale recently completed a weapon system software update called Upgraded Early Warning Radar, which changed the radar's nomenclature to AN/FPS-132. This was the first radar site to complete the upgrade in the 21st SW. The radars at RAF Fylingdales and Thule AB were subsequently upgraded to the AN/FPS-132 UEWR system. The UEWR software's enhanced capability added the corollary mission of missile defense in support of the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense element of the Ballistic Missile Defense System. This program's objective is the defense of the United States against a threat of a limited long-range ballistic missile attack through the use of interceptor missiles located at Vandenberg AFB, Calif., and Fort Greely, Alaska. The other two CONUS PAVE PAWS sites at Robins AFB, Ga., and Eldorado AFS, Texas, have now ceased operations. The AN/FPS-123 radar from Eldorado AFS was relocated to Clear AFS and is operated by the 13th Space Warning Squadron and 213th Space Warning Squadron (Alaskan Air National Guard), replacing the older Ballistic Missile Early Warning System mechanical radar there. Similar radars replaced the BMEWS mechanical radars at the 12th Space Warning Squadron at Thule AB, and at RAF Fylingdales. Fylingdales is unique, having three radar faces covering 360 degrees in azimuth, while the Clear AFS and Thule AB models each have two radar faces covering 240 degrees in azimuth. Even though none of the BMEWS mechanical radars are still in operation, for programmatic reasons Thule AB is still referred to as BMEWS Site I, Clear AFS is referred to at BMEWS Site II, and Fylingdales is referred to as BMEWS Site III.

The 10th Space Warning Squadron at Cavalier AFS, N.D., uses a slightly different type of phased-array radar called a Perimeter Attack Radar Characterization System. This radar was originally called the "Safeguard" missile defense system, which was deactivated as part of an agreement with the former Soviet Union in the 1970s. The site was re-designated as a missile warning site shortly after it was declared operational as a missile defense site in the 1970s and has remained a missile warning site ever since.

The PARCS radar has a single face pointing northward over the Hudson Bay, covering 120 degrees in azimuth. It provides tactical warning, and attack characterization and assessment of SLBMs and ICBMs. This includes the number and types of missiles in a raid, and the earliest and next impact times for locations in the continental United States. It is the only missile warning sensor that reports this type of information.

Space Control

Space superiority is the ability of the United States and its allies to maintain freedom of action in space and, when directed, to deny adversary access to space at a time and place of our choosing in support of national and theater-level objectives. Space control is the means to ensure space superiority. There are three pillars to space control: space surveillance, offensive space control, and defensive space control.

Space surveillance is a critical part of the 21st SW's space control mission and is critical to achieving space superiority; without it, all other objectives cannot be achieved. Space surveillance involves detecting, tracking, cataloging, and identifying man-made objects orbiting Earth, i.e. active/inactive satellites, spent rocket bodies, or fragmentation debris. Space surveillance accomplishes the following:

• Predicts when and where a decaying space object will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere
• Prevents a returning space object, which to radar looks like a missile, from triggering a false alarm in missile-attack warning sensors of the United States and other countries
• Charts the present position of space objects and plots their anticipated orbital paths
• Detects new man-made objects in space
• Produces a running catalog of man-made space objects
• Determines which country owns a re-entering space object
• Informs NASA whether or not objects may interfere with manned space flight and the International Space Station

These tasks are accomplished using the Space Surveillance Network, which consists of numerous Air Force and Army-operated ground-based radars and optical sensors worldwide. The 21st SW operates and/or has a presence at 21 of these sites.

The SSN has been tracking space objects since 1957 when the Soviets opened the space age with the launch of Sputnik I. Today, the SSN currently tracks more than 22,000 manmade orbiting objects. The rest have re-entered Earth's turbulent atmosphere and disintegrated, or survived re-entry and impacted the Earth. The space objects the 21st SW tracks objects which range in size from satellites weighing several tons to pieces of spent rocket bodies the size of a softball. Only about seven percent of the space objects are operational satellites; the rest are debris. USSTRATCOM is interested in both the active satellites and the space debris to avoid collisions with operational satellites. The SSN tracks space objects which are 10 centimeters in diameter (softball size) or larger.

Below is a brief description of each type of sensor in the network.

Phased-array radars can maintain tracks on multiple satellites simultaneously and scan large areas of space in a fraction of a second. These radars have no moving mechanical parts to limit the speed of the radar scan; the radar energy is steered electronically.

Conventional radars use mobile detection and tracking antennas. The detection antenna transmits radar energy into space in the shape of a large fan. When a satellite intersects the fan, the energy is reflected back to the antenna, triggering the tracking antenna. The tracking antenna then locks its narrow beam of energy on the target and follows it in order to establish orbital data.

The Ground-Based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance System consists of three telescope sensors each linked to a respective camera. The cameras feed their space pictures into a nearby computer which drives a display scope. The image is transposed into electrical impulses and can be recorded on magnetic tape. This is the same process used by video cameras. Thus, the image can be recorded and analyzed in real-time.

Combined, these types of sensors make up to 80,000 satellite observations each day; the observations consist of metric data and space object identification data. Metric data are positional data on Earth orbiting objects. The metric data are transmitted directly to the Joint Space Operations Center Space Situational Awareness via satellite, ground wire, microwave and phone. The JSpOC uses metric data for all space situational awareness purposes, one of which is ensuring orbital safety of manned space flight and the International Space Station. The JSpOC also maintains an extensive satellite catalog that is used by U.S. civilian and military agencies, as well as by U.S. allies when launching new satellites into space. The 21st OG supports the alternate for the JSpOC for the space surveillance mission. This facility is designated the 20th Space Control Squadron Detachment 1, and it hosts the Alternate Space Control Center, at Dahlgren, Va.

The 21 SW's radar sites at Beale, Cape Cod, Clear, Thule, Fylingdales, and Cavalier support the SSN by providing surveillance, tracking, and SOI data on near-earth objects at a range of approximately 3,000 nautical miles. Since space surveillance is their secondary mission, these sites are called collateral sensors. The 21st SW also operates six dedicated sites in the SSN whose primary mission is space surveillance. These sites are at Eglin AFB, Fla., operated by the 20th Space Control Squadron, Dahlgren, Va., the Air Force Space Surveillance System operated by the 20th SPCS Detachment 1, and the four 21st OG detachments: Det. 1 at Socorro, N.M., Det. 2 at Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territories, Det. 3 at Maui, Hawaii, and Det. 4 at Morón, Spain.

20th SPCS provides space surveillance using the only active phased-array radar system dedicated to tracking more than 22,000 near-earth and deep-space objects. Achieving full operational capability in January 1969, the AN/FPS-85 was the first phased-array radar developed to perform all-weather, day-night detection and tracking of man-made objects in space. The AN/FPS-85 covers 120 degrees in azimuth and more than 22,000 nautical miles in range.

The 20th SPCS operates another dedicated sensor called the Air Force Space Surveillance System, also known as "the Fence." The Navy, the original operators of the Fence, transferred operations to the Air Force in October 2004. Designed and constructed in 1958, the Fence is the nation's oldest sensor built to track satellites and debris in orbit. The system has nine field stations along the 33rd parallel with three transmitter sites at Lake Kickapoo, Texas; Jordan Lake, Ala.; and Gila River, Ariz.; and six receiver sites at Tatnall, Ga.; Hawkinsville, Ga.; Silver Lake, Miss.; Red River, Ark.; Elephant Butte, N.M.; and San Diego, Calif. The field stations comprise a bi-static radar that points straight up into space and produces a "fence" of electromagnetic energy. The system can detect basketball-sized objects in orbit around the Earth out to an effective range of 15,000 nautical miles. More than five million satellite detections, or observations, are collected by the Fence each month. This data is transmitted to the Joint Space Operations Center's backup computational and command and control node at Dahlgren, Va. The 20th SPCS, Detachment 1, in Dahlgren provides support to this node.

The 21st SW also controls and operates four dedicated optical space tracking sites. Three of the sites are part of the Ground-Based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance system, or GEODSS: Det. 1, Socorro, N. M.; Det. 2, Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territories; and Det. 3 at Maui, Hawaii. Like the other sensors in the SSN, GEODSS provides metric data to the JSpOC and ASCC, and photometric SOI data (total intensity of reflected light from an observed satellite).

GEODSS is an optical system that uses low-light level TV cameras, computers and large telescopes. GEODSS tracks objects in deep space, or from about 2,000 nautical miles out, to beyond geosynchronous altitudes, more than 22,500 nautical miles out. GEODSS requires nighttime and clear weather tracking because of the inherent limitations of an optical system. Each site has three telescopes. The telescopes have a 40-inch aperture and a 1.68 degree field of view. The telescopes are able to "see" objects 10,000 times dimmer than the human eye can detect. This sensitivity, and the fact that the daytime sky background masks satellites' reflected light, dictates that the system operate at night. As with any ground-based optical system, cloud cover and local weather conditions directly influence its effectiveness. GEODSS employs Sidereal and Rate track to perform its Space Surveillance Mission. In Sidereal track, the telescopes scan the sky at the same rate as the stars appear to move. In Rate Track, telescopes follow the path of the satellite as it passes overhead.

Detachment 4 operates the $5 million Morón Optical Space Surveillance System, another optical telescope that detects and tracks earth-orbiting objects in deep space.

While resources for the space surveillance piece of the space control mission have been around for more than 50 years, the DoD is still in the early stages of developing space control measures. Space control operations are critical to success in modern warfare. Combatant commanders leverage space capabilities such as communication, position, navigation, timing, missile warning, environmental sensing, and reconnaissance to maintain a combat advantage over their adversaries. As demonstrated by the Iraqi deployment of Global Positioning System jammers during Operation Iraqi Freedom, adversaries will target space capabilities in an attempt to deny that combat advantage.

The United States must also be prepared to deprive an adversary of the benefits of space capabilities when American interests and lives are at stake. The space control mission area protects United States and allied access to space and denies enemy access to space at a time and place of our choosing. The 4th Space Control Squadron at Holloman AFB, N.M., and the 76th Space Control Squadron at Peterson AFB, Colo., are charged with providing trained and equipped forces to conduct both the defensive and offensive space control missions while the 16th Space Control Squadron at Peterson AFB, Colo., is charged with providing trained and equipped forces to specifically conduct the defensive space control mission.

The 4th and 76th SPCS are responsible for delivering defensive and offensive space control capabilities and space situational awareness, as appropriate, to rapidly achieve flexible and versatile effects in support of global and theater campaigns. The 4th SPCS and 76th SPCS are sister squadrons and are both postured to deploy worldwide to support any contingency operation.

The 16th SPCS is AFSPC's first defensive space control unit. The unit is responsible for operating space control capabilities to rapidly achieve flexible and versatile space superiority in support of theater campaigns and USSTRATCOM's space superiority mission.

21st Space Wing

THE WING CONSISTS OF FIVE GROUPS AND A DIRECTOR OF STAFF
21st Operations Group
The 21st OG is responsible for all of the 21st SW's 16 operations units and detachments; all but three of the 21st OG's units are geographically separated units. Additionally, the 21st OG maintains administrative control of the 21st SW's two expeditionary units: the 1st Expeditionary Space Control Squadron, and the 16th Expeditionary Space Control Squadron.

The group is Air Force Space Command's largest, most weapon-system diverse, and most widespread organization. Its mission is to provide real-time missile warning, attack assessment, and space control to the president, secretary of defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff, combatant commands and foreign allies. The group also establishes operational requirements and manages the training and standardization and evaluation programs for their weapon systems. This includes conducting command-directed evaluations and staff assistance visits. Globus II, assigned to the 21st OG in February 2005, is another 21st OG geographically separated unit located in Vardo, Norway. Globus II is an X-Band mechanical radar that contributes earth-orbiting satellite observations for collection by the Space Surveillance Network. Additionally, the 21st OG develops and maintains operational procedures and regulations for all its field units.

The 21st Operations Group includes:
• The 21st Operations Group Standardization and Evaluation Division
• The 21st Operations Support Squadron
• Five missile warning squadrons
• International partner operations at Royal Air Force Fylingdales
• International partner operations at Norway's Globus II surveillance radar
• Five space control detachments
• Four space control squadrons
• Two expeditionary space control squadrons

Standardization and Evaluation Division

The 21st OG Standardization and Evaluation Division is responsible for standardizing operations across the 16 GSUs. The division is the focal point for group policies, clarification requests, technical orders, and overseeing GSU participation in readiness exercises. The division regularly conducts Operations Standardization Team visits at GSUs to ensure compliance with regulations and to provide input on how to improve processes. The division selects the 21st SW's top operations crew, top instructor and evaluator of the year, and competitors for Guardian Challenge, AFSPC's bi-annual competition to determine the best operators and units in missile warning and space control.

The 21st Operations Support Squadron

The 21st Operations Support Squadron provides day-to-day operations support for the 21st SW's worldwide network of 16 ground-based missile warning, space surveillance, and space control units and accomplishes the following:

• Provides oversight, support, and guidance for all force structure, testing and system modification actions involving 21st SW operational units
• Provides real-world and exercise senior staff support to 21st SW leadership
• Provides configuration management for software and hardware changes to 21st SW operational systems
• Manages the 21st SW's weapons and tactics, warfighter education, and combat systems improvement and integration programs
• Oversees, standardizes and provides guidance for all 21st SW operations training programs
• Manages Peterson AFB's airfield operations and provides flight records management services
• Provides precision measurement equipment laboratory support which supports 180 organizations and 6,448 pieces of test, measurement and diagnostic equipment
• Provides integrated management data system support and maintenance data collection analysis for maintenance actions and equipment
• Provides contract oversight of transient alert which services more than 2,500 transient aircraft each year, of which 41 percent are distinguished visitors
• Provides environmental support (space and terrestrial) to NORAD-USNORTHCOM command centers, Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Peterson Air Force Base units, and 21st SW staff/GSUs
• Provides intelligence and administrative support to 21st SW, 21st OG and operations squadron commanders

4th Space Control Squadron

4th SPCS is responsible for delivering defensive and offensive space control capabilities and space situational awareness, as appropriate, to rapidly achieve flexible and versatile effects in support of global and theater campaigns. 4th SPCS and 76th SPCS are sister squadrons and are both postured to deploy worldwide to support any contingency operation.

6th Space Warning Squadron

The primary mission of the 6th SWS, Cape Cod AFS, Mass., is to guard North America's east coast against submarine-launched ballistic missiles and ICBMs. The unit operates the AN/FPS-123 Pave PAWS radar system. 6th SWS has the distinction of being the first Pave PAWS installation in the United States. The original AN/FPS-115 became operational in the early 1970s. The first AN/FPS-123, a more powerful phased-array radar, was operational on April 4, 1980, at 6th SWS. These roughly 90-foot diameter circular-panel radars are mounted on two walls of a triangular-shaped pyramid structure. Pave PAWS radars can detect and track targets within a range of approximately 3,000 nautical miles. The site provides continual space control information as part of an integrated global network of missile warning systems.

Missile warning data from 6th SWS is sent to the Missile Warning Center at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colo. Data is also sent to the National Military Command Center and USSTRATCOM. Being a collateral sensor in the SSN, 6th SWS has a secondary mission of space surveillance. The site detects, tracks and performs space object identification for near-earth objects within a range of approximately 3,000 nautical miles, and sends its observations to the JSpOC. The site also provides space object identification data.

7th Space Warning Squadron

7th SWS at Beale AFB, Calif., a geographically separated unit assigned to the 21st OG, operates the PAVE PAWS radar and provides 24-hour coverage over the Pacific Ocean, executing its primary mission of missile warning and corollary mission of missile defense against sea-launched ballistic missiles and ICBM threats.

Raytheon built the PAVE PAWS radars, and deployed the first AN/FPS-115 model during the early 1980s, which was subsequently updated to the AN/FPS-123 model. These 90-foot diameter circular-panel radars are mounted on two walls of a structure covering 240 degrees in azimuth. The system can detect and track targets at ranges approaching 3,000 miles and operates The antennas are designed to operate at a frequency of 420 to 450 MHz. The radar at Beale AFB was upgraded in 2004 with more capable software, allowing the radar to become part of the Integrated Missile Defense architecture. At that time, the system's designator was changed to AN/FPS-132, also known as "Upgraded Early Warning Radar," or UEWR.

The site provides continual space situational awareness as part of an integrated global network of missile warning systems. Fulfilling its primary mission of missile warning, 7th SWS sends data to the MWC at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colo., the National Military Command Center and USSTRATCOM. The 7th SWS corollary mission of missile defense supports the Ground Based Midcourse Defense element of the Ballistic Missile Defense System. The objective of the BMDS is defense of the United States against a threat of a limited strategic ballistic missile attack. Mission accomplishment is made possible through the use of the UEWR, which detects, acquires, and tracks inbound missiles to provide the necessary data to classify and engage the target. This target data allows the GMD Fire Control and Communications element to generate a weapons task plan, allowing for the engagement, interception, and negation of a threat ballistic missile reentry vehicle in the exoatmospheric region of space.

7th SWS has a secondary mission of space surveillance. The site detects and tracks near-earth objects at a range of up to 3,000 nautical miles for the Joint Space Operations Center at Vandenberg AFB, Calif. The site also generates Space Object Identification (SOI) data, which is provided to the National Air and Space Intelligence Center as a key component of space situational awareness.

10th Space Warning Squadron

10th SWS at Cavalier AFS, N.D., operates the Perimeter Attack Radar Characterization System system. Its single-faced phased-array radar is pointed northward over the Hudson Bay covering 120 degrees in azimuth. It provides tactical warning and attack characterization and assessment of SLBM and ICBM attack against the United States and Canada. This includes the number and types of missiles in a raid, and the earliest/next impact times for locations in the continental United States. It is the only missile warning sensor that reports this type of information to the MWC at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colo. This information is also sent to the National Military Command Center and USSTRATCOM. Being a collateral sensor in the SSN, 10th SWS also has a secondary mission of space surveillance. The site is the "workhorse" of the SSN as it is more powerful than the AN/FPS-123 PAVE PAWS radar and can more effectively track and discriminate multiple objects in low-earth orbit. 10th SWS detects and tracks near-earth man-made objects at a range of nearly 3,300 nautical miles for the JSpOC. The site also provides SOI data.

12th Space Warning Squadron

12th SWS at Thule Air Base, Greenland, 21st OG's northern-most GSU, provides tactical detection, warning and tracking of intercontinental and sea-launched ballistic missile attacks and forwards that information to the Missile Warning Center at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colo., and the National Military Command Center and USSTRATCOM. The 12th SWS corollary mission of Missile Defense supports the Ground-Based Missile Defense element of the Ballistic Missile Defense System. This program's objective is the defense of the United States against a threat of a limited long range ballistic missile attack. Mission accomplishment is made possible through the use of the Upgraded Early Warning Radar software, which detects, acquires, and tracks inbound missiles to provide the necessary data to classify and engage the target. This target data allows the GMD Fire Control and Communications element to generate a weapons task plan, allowing for the engagement, interception, and negation of a threat ballistic missile re-entry vehicle in the exoatmospheric region of space. The unit also contributes to the space control mission by tracking and providing metric data on man-made objects orbiting the Earth as part of the SSN. The site operates a solid-state, phased-array radar. The AN/FPS-120 model, which has two radar faces covering 240 degrees in azimuth, replaced the BMEWS mechanical radar at Thule in 1987. In 2009, the AN/FPS-120 radar was replaced by the AN/FPS-132 UEWR system. However, for programmatic reasons, 12th SWS is still referred to as BMEWS Site I, Clear Air Force Station is BMEWS Site II, and RAF Fylingdales is BMEWS Site III.

13th Space Warning Squadron

The primary mission of the 13th SWS, located at Clear AFS, Alaska, is to provide early warning of ICBMs and SLBMs to USSTRATCOM's MWC at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colo., the National Military Command Center and USSTRATCOM. Its secondary mission is to provide space surveillance data on earth-orbiting objects to the JSpOC. The data they generate ensures the JSpOC is able to accurately keep track of objects in orbit. This allows them to keep manned objects, like the space shuttle and International Space Station, out of harm's way and to closely monitor objects re-entering the atmosphere, which might impact populated areas or appear as an incoming missile. The 13th SWS accomplishes these missions using a solid state phased-array radar, the AN/FPS-123, which is housed in a triangular-shaped 11-story building on site. The antennas are designed to operate at a frequency of 420 to 450 MHz. Because of its excellent tracking capabilities, this type of radar is very useful for tracking near-earth satellites. The AN/FPS-123 model currently located at Clear AFS, a follow-on to the AN/FPS-115 radar, was originally located at Eldorado Air Station, Texas, as part of the PAVE PAWS program and was transplanted to Alaska in 2001 to replace the United States' last mechanical missile warning radar site. The radar system has two faces which together form a coverage area 240 degrees wide and approximately 3,000 nautical miles into space. The coverage extends from the Arctic Ocean to the West Coast of the lower 48 states. The 213th Space Warning Squadron is an Alaska Air National Guard squadron that performs most of the operations and security functions at Clear AFS. The 213th SWS and 13th SWS work hand-in-hand to accomplish the missile warning and space surveillance mission for the 21st SW.

16th Space Control Squadron

16th SPCS is AFSPC's first dedicated defensive space control unit. The unit is responsible for operating space control capabilities to rapidly achieve flexible and versatile space superiority in support of theater campaigns and USSTRATCOM's space superiority mission.

The 380th Space Control Squadron is a Reserve Associate Unit of the 16th SPCS and performs the defensive space control mission as an equal partner with the 16 SPCS. The 380th SPCS is composed of active reserve and traditional reserve members that augments and supports the 21st SW defensive space control mission.

20th Space Control Squadron

The 20th SPCS, Eglin AFB, Fla., a GSU assigned to the 21st OG, operates and maintains the Air Force's only phased-array space surveillance radar system dedicated to tracking near-earth and deep-space objects as part of the SSN. Achieving full operational capability in January 1969, the AN/FPS-85 radar was the first phased-array radar developed to perform all-weather, day-night detection and tracking of man-made objects in space. The AN/FPS-85 covers 120 degrees in azimuth and in excess of 22,000 nautical miles in range. The squadron also supports USSTRATCOM and theater warfighter requirements through continuous detection, identification, and reporting of orbital satellite positional and SOI data.

Additionally, the 20th SPCS operates another dedicated sensor of the SSN, the AN/FPS-133, called the Air Force Space Surveillance System, also known as "the Fence." The Navy, the original operators of the Fence, transferred operations to the Air Force in October 2004. Designed and constructed in 1958, the Fence is the nation's oldest sensor built to track satellites and debris in orbit. The system has nine field stations along the 33rd parallel with three transmitter sites at Lake Kickapoo, Texas, Jordan Lake, Ala., and Gila River, Ariz., and six receiver sites at Tatnall, Ga., Hawkinsville, Ga., Silver Lake, Miss., Red River, Ark., Elephant Butte, N.M., and San Diego, Calif. The field stations comprise a multi-static radar that points straight up into space and produces a "fence" of electromagnetic energy. The system can detect basketball-sized objects in orbit around the Earth out to an effective range of 15,000 nautical miles. More than five million satellite detections, or observations, are collected by the Fence each month.

20th Space Control

SQUADRON, DET. 1
The 20th SPCS, Det. 1 is located at Naval Support Facility Dahlgren, Va., and the unit's primary function is to provide mission support. The unit operates and maintains the Mission Processing System which is the central hub of Dahlgren space operations missions. The MPS processes satellite tracking data collected by the Space Surveillance Network and is the primary processing node for the Air Force Space Surveillance System ("Fence"). The MPS also maintains an independent satellite catalog which is used by the Distributive Space Command and Control - Dahlgren (614th Air & Space Operations Center, Detachment 1) and Navy fleet support (Naval Network Warfare Command, Space Operations Dahlgren) missions. In addition, the 20th SPCS, Det. 1 provides administrative and facility support to three co-located organizations.

76th Space Control Squadron

The 76th SPCS is responsible for delivering defensive and offensive space control capabilities and space situational awareness, as appropriate, to rapidly achieve flexible and versatile effects in support of global and theater campaigns. The 76th SPCS and 4th SPCS are sister squadrons and are both postured to deploy worldwide to support any contingency operation.

RAF Fylingdales

The missile warning unit at RAF Fylingdales provides tactical warning of an ICBM attack against North America, the United Kingdom and Europe. Following its upgrade to UEWR, RAF Fylingdales also provides support to the U.S. Missile Defense mission. The unit also supports the SSN by detecting and tracking near-Earth space vehicles. The site is unique because it operates the only phased-array radar covering 360 degrees in azimuth.

The U.S. Air Force presence at Fylingdales is a liaison officer who reports through the 21st OG. The liaison officer is a bridge to U.S. operations, maintaining mission ready status and advising the RAF station commander on U.S. Air Force operational issues. The U.S. Air Force liaison officer also serves as a resource advisor and the quality assurance evaluator for the communications contractor.

21st Operations Group Detachments

The 21st OG also controls and operates four dedicated optical space tracking sites in the SSN. Three of the sites are part of Ground-based Electrical Optical Deep Space Surveillance: Det. 1, Socorro, N.M.; Det. 2, Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territories; and Det. 3 at Maui, Hawaii. Like the other sensors in the SSN, GEODSS provides metric data to JSpOC, and photometric SOI data.

GEODSS is an optical system that uses low-light level, electro-optical cameras, high speed computers, and powerful telescopes. GEODSS tracks objects in deep space, or from about 2,000 miles out, to beyond geosynchronous altitudes, more than 22,500 miles out. GEODSS requires nighttime and clear weather tracking because of the inherent limitations of an optical system. Each site has three telescopes. The telescopes have a one meter aperture and a 1.68 degree field of view.

The telescopes are able to "see" objects 10,000 times dimmer than the human eye can detect. This sensitivity, and the fact that the daytime sky background masks satellites' reflected light, dictates that the system operate at night. As with any ground-based optical system, cloud cover and local weather conditions directly influence its effectiveness. GEODSS employs "sidereal" and "rate" track to perform its space surveillance mission. In sidereal track the telescopes scan the sky at the same rate as the stars appear to move. In rate track, telescopes follow the path of the satellite as it passes overhead.

GEODSS is also now capable of robust area and object searches resulting in an enhanced battlespace picture through detection of uncorrelated targets and normally difficult-to-track cataloged objects.

Detachment 4 operates the $5 million state-of-the-art Morón Optical Space Surveillance System to detect, track and identify all manmade deep-space objects in support of the USSTRATCOM space control mission. The unit also reports new foreign and domestic launches to the Space Control Center and Combined Intelligence Center. In this role, Detachment 4 supports the $3.2 billion worldwide space surveillance network, providing real-time space control for warfighters and national decision makers.

The MOSS is a passive, ground-based, real-time, electro-optical, deep-space surveillance sensor. It provides information on man-made objects in deep space, including satellites in geosynchronous and semisynchronous Earth orbit. The system primarily provides high-quality positional data on all detected objects. The system also collects object brightness data for space object identification. MOSS was deployed to augment the Ground-Based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance network.

MOSS consists of a windowed 56-centimeter modified Ritchy-Chretien telescope mounted on a modified NIKE-AJAX radar mount. The sensor has a field-of-view of 1.54 degrees diagonal, using a charge coupled device camera which provides increased accuracy and sensitivity while reducing the time required to track objects.

21st Mission Support Group

The 21st Mission Support Group provides expeditionary combat support personnel and equipment to our nation's combatant commanders worldwide. Group members support the projection of combat power by our nation's premier air, ground, maritime and special operations forces. In addition, the group provides world-class mission and quality-of-life support to a population of more than 50,000 military members, civilians, retirees, contractors, and their families using Peterson AFB. The 21st Mission Support Group is comprised of more than 2,500 warriors from six squadrons, all dedicated to protecting and caring for the Air Force's most valuable resource—you!

21st Contracting Squadron

The 21st Contracting Squadron acquires, negotiates, awards and manages contracts directly supporting missile warning and space surveillance and space object identification for the 21st Space Wing and its geographically-separated units around the world, as well as providing contract support to the Wing's mission partners, including HQ AFSPC, NORAD-USNORTHCOM and the 302nd AW. The 21st CONS also provides contract support in a partnering relationship to other military installations, including the U.S. Air Force Academy, Cheyenne Mountain AFS, Schriever AFB, Buckley AFB, FE Warren AFB and Fort Carson Army Post. Annual contract expenditures exceed $500 million, while on-going contract actions are worth more than $10 billion. The squadron is the largest in AFSPC, and is spread over three locations on base and a detachment in Copenhagen, Denmark. The squadron's administrative offices are located in Building 350.

21st Civil Engineer Squadron

The 21st Civil Engineer Squadron, Building 1324, manages and controls resources involving about $1.3 billion in real property and more than 1,400 acres of land at Peterson AFB.

Unit missions:
Provides base level civil engineering support to the wing and other assigned units. Base level support includes operation and maintenance of facilities, utilities and real property installed equipment, housing services, snow removal, structural, wildland and aircraft fire protection, explosive ordnance disposal, environmental quality and security, and base disaster response support. Provides civil engineering technical, programming, environmental, and contract administration support to geographically separated units. Maintains Prime BEEF mobility teams to support worldwide contingency operations. Other support includes operating and maintaining critical electrical and mechanical utility systems, which sustain crucial space missions. Provide explosive ordnance disposal support to Team Pete, the United States Secret Service, Fort Carson, Schriever AFB, Buckley AFB and local authorities.

21st Security Forces Squadron

The security forces mission is to safeguard the people, property and resources located on Peterson and Colorado's Front Range. The squadron maintains the second largest Air Force military working dog kennel in the United States and deploys combat ready, warrior Airmen worldwide. The security forces desk can be reached at (719) 556-4000 for routine business. For emergencies or to report a crime in progress, call 911 or Crime Stop at (719) 556-4357.

21st Logistics Readiness Squadron

The 21st Logistics Readiness Squadron provides a complete spectrum of logistics services to Peterson AFB, Cheyenne Mountain AFS, Schriever AFB and missile warning, space surveillance and contract space communications units located around the globe. The 21st Logistics Readiness Squadron is responsible for all aspects of the 21st Space Wing's diverse deployment missions including planning and cargo movement operations, air terminal operations and ensuring safe and efficient refueling operations for all transient aircraft. The squadron is also responsible for managing the complex maintenance and operations requirements for the installation's fleet of more than 525 motor vehicles and also ensures accountability and appropriate issue of supply assets for 21st SW, 50th SW and all mission partners.

21st Communications Squadron

Supporting the Air Force's commitment to information superiority, the 21st Communications Squadron provides responsive communications, information, mission systems, and postal support services to its customers around the globe. The 21st CS is responsible for the program support and maintenance of $79 million in communications and computer systems servicing more than 17,000 users at Peterson AFB. This includes equipping, training, and providing personnel to operate and maintain a Milstar ground terminal, ground-to-air communications, LMR, telephone and computer systems and facilities supporting NORAD/USNORTHCOM, USSTRATCOM, HQ AFSPC, SMDC/ARSTRAT, 302nd AW, 21st SW and 26 worldwide geographically separated units and numerous other Team Pete organizations. The squadron also provides COMSEC accounting, frequency spectrum management, information assurance, knowledge operations, hardware/software configuration control, records/publication management, and Freedom of Information Act and Privacy Act support. In addition, 21st CS provides meteorological equipment maintenance services to Cheyenne Mountain, U.S. Air Force Academy and Fort Carson. Squadron members in the wing's Space Control Vault support Special Access Programs (SAP) by managing two SAP networks and four guest systems. The squadron fulfills these responsibilities through its three flights—cyber operations, plans, programs and guidance, and cyber control.

21st Force Support Squadron

The 21st Force Support Squadron is the largest most diverse squadron in AFSPC. It boasts more than 650 people, 52 facilities and an annual operating budget of $2.3 million. FSS programs, facilities and services enhance force readiness and installation esprit de corps. The staff strives to provide the best leisure and recreational services ranging from sports and fitness to outdoor adventure. FSS also manages the transient quarters and lodging facilities, provides mortuary affairs services and honor guard teams. FSS keeps the military community informed of programs, activities and upcoming events through an informative website, http://www.21FSS.com and the FSS bi-monthly magazine that is direct-mailed or delivered to your home address. The magazine also sends club coupons to club members. Call the marketing and publicity office at (719) 556-4598 or (719) 556-7874 to subscribe. Events are also published weekly in the Space Observer and the Peterson website. Patrons can subscribe to eNews at http://www.21FSS.com and select to receive information based on their interests. It's a popular opt in/opt out service. Patrons can also follow FSS on Twitter at twitter.com/golfdinebowl and twitter.com/peterecreation, and can friend FSS on any one of six Facebook pages listed in the widget box at the bottom of any 21st FSS website page. FSS also manages the commercial sponsorship program which is the only agency authorized to accept sponsorship revenue, advertising, and donations. The commercial sponsorship coordinator can be reached at (719) 556-4977 or DSN 834-4977.

Manpower and Personnel Flight

MILITARY PERSONNEL SECTION
The Military Personnel Section provides personnel support to all of Peterson AFB and several local area units. Our services include issuance of CAC and ID cards, in-processing, duty title and position updates, processing evaluations, issuing test dates, updating SGLI, processing G-Series orders, outbound assignments, PRP administration, promotions, extensions, re-enlistments, and retirements and separations. The Military Personnel Section is open Monday through Friday, 7:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. for ID Card Operations, and 9 a.m.to 4:30 p.m. for all other military personnel actions. Mass In-processing sessions are held Tuesday and Friday at the Military Personnel Section from 9 to 11 a.m. and can be scheduled by either calling the Customer Support section or emailing 21fss.fsmps.cs.wf@peterson.af.mil. For any personnel questions, you can call our technicians directly. To access our phone directory, go to the http://www.21stFSS.com webpage, Personnel, Military Personnel Section, and the phone roster is posted under Telephone Numbers. Welcome to Peterson AFB and we look forward to serving your personnel needs.

Manpower and Organization

The M&O office provides manpower and organizational support to the 21st Space Wing including all geographically separated units and tenants. Services include determining peacetime manpower requirements, managing the Unit Manpower Document, establishing official organizational structures, unit activations and deactivations, performance management, and competitive sourcing. Management consultants assigned are skilled in process engineering methods, AFSO 21 facilitation, and brainstorming techniques to assist units with strategic planning, problem solving and solutions. The office also promotes and manages the Air Force Innovative Development through Employee Awareness program for Peterson and Cheyenne Mountain and is the 21st SW contact for Best Practices and the Air Force Productivity Enhancing Capital Investment program. They are also the focal point for Defense Civilian Personnel Data System unit hierarchy updates. The Manpower and Organization office is located in Building 350, Room 1235. For assistance, call (719) 556-4837.

Civilian Personnel Section

Provide personnel and resource functions that maintain a ready workforce in support of the Peterson Complex. Ensure personnel processes meet commander's/management requirement to evaluate, reward, discipline, and support Air Force personnel. Actively advocate for resources that provide personnel support. The CPS services approximately 2800 civilian employees and in-process more than 25 employees each pay period. They are the servicing personnel office for 21st SW, NORAD, U.S. Northern Command, Air Force Space Command, 302nd Airlift Wing and a host of other mission partners. The CPS has several Air Force Best Practices from their employee relations and staffing teams. The CPS can provide a variety of information on hiring, retirement, employee management relations, priority placement and any civilian personnel related issues. The CPS is located in Building 350, Room 1055, for assistance, call (719) 556-4775.

The Human Resources Office

HRO manages and administrates the Air Force Non-appropriated Personnel Program for all serviced Morale, Welfare, Recreation and Air Force Lodging Fund employees assigned to the 21st Force Support Squadron, HQ AFSPC/A1S, and two Geographically Separated Units (Clear Air Station, Alaska and Thule Air Station, Greenland) including position classification, recruitment and staffing, employee labor relations, unemployment and workers compensation, employee benefits, and the implementation and standardization of NAF personnel policy. The NAF Human Resources Office is located in Building 350, Suite 1115. For assistance, call (719) 556-4818.

Airman and Family Services Flight

R.P. LEE YOUTH CENTER
A variety of programs are available at the youth center, Building 1555. For parents who need child care for their kindergartner through 12 years old, the school-age program offers a before-and-after school program as well as a summer camp. This program is accredited by the National Afterschool Association and provides children chances to participate in exciting and educational activities. We have outstanding pre-teen and teen programs that provide youth with opportunities to participate in BGCA and 4-H clubs, field trips, leadership clubs, and computer labs while also receiving homework help. Additionally, youth can just hang out and play pool or video games, watch movies or grab a snack at the café. During the summer, teens can participate in teen adventure camps, such as white water rafting, hiking and rock climbing and also have fun joining the day trips to various off base summer attractions. The youth sports program provides five league sports that are recreational throughout the year to include baseball, indoor/outdoor soccer, basketball and flag football. During the summer, youth can also choose from a variety of sports camps, such as archery, flag football, baseball, soccer, tennis and volleyball. For more information on any programs offered at the youth center, call (719) 556-7220 or check the website at http://www.21FSS.com.

Child Development Program

The child development program is comprised of two centers (Buildings 1350 and 1525) and offers care to 364 children between the ages of 6 weeks and 5 years. Both centers are accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children and certified by the Department of Defense. Full-time and hourly care is available at both centers. Additionally, the CDP supports the Give Parents a Break program and Parents Night Out program monthly. A central waiting list is maintained for the entire child development program. For detailed information on the waiting list and enrollment procedures, parents should go to http://www.21FSS.com. Parents can also call (719) 554-9572 for information.

Family Child Care Program

The family child care program offers an alternative to large group child care. The 21st MSG commander oversees the licensures of both on- and off-base military spouses who provide childcare in their homes. The FCC program providers offer full-time, part-time care, and hourly and before-and-after school care. Moreover, FCC providers can accommodate non-traditional care needs such as evening, weekend, and shift work. The FCC program supports the extended duty care program, returning home care program, and child care for PCS program. Becoming a licensed or affiliated FCC provider offers family members a chance to operate a home-based business with minimal start-up costs. The FCC program makes it easy by providing all required training and an extensive, free equipment and supply lending program. For information on the FCC program for parents or potential providers, call (719) 556-4322 or check out http://www.21FSS.com Additionally, a listing of providers is available outside the FCC office, Building 1465, as well as at the youth center and child development centers.

Airman and Family Readiness Center

The Airman and Family Readiness Center's mission is to support mission readiness and retention by providing active duty members, military families, civilians, and retirees with resources essential to meeting both professional and personal needs.

Nearly 60 individual services are provided in the areas of personal and family readiness, transition assistance, personal financial management, spouse employment, family life education, relocation, Air Force Aid assistance, volunteer opportunities, military child education and information and referral. The A&FRC also mans the Emergency Family Assistance Center during times of crisis or natural disaster and maintains a phone bank (719) 556-0456 to provide updated information on the current situation. Services are available to all military ID card holders (including activated Guard and Reservists). The A&FRC is located in Building 350, Room 1203, and is open Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. For additional information, call (719) 556-6141 or visit the A&FRC website at http://www.21fss.com. You can also contact the center via e-mail at 21FSS/FSFR@ peterson.af.mil.

Aquatics Center

The aquatics center is a year-round indoor facility with a wading pool featuring recreational swimming, lap swimming, adult's, senior's, children's and toddler's groups and private swimming lessons. We also offer lifeguard courses, physical therapy classes and other special activities. During the winter, the indoor water temperature hovers at a pleasant 84 degrees. Taking a dip in the pool is refreshing at any time. Also available is a water slide and climbing wall; a small physical conditioning area including a bow flex; lifecycle and cardio training equipment; two eight-person therapeutic spas; a dry co-ed sauna; and a handicapped swim lift for the pool. You can also rent the pool after hours for private parties or schedule a birthday party during open swim. Annual passes for frequent users are available giving discounts on group swim lessons. Call (719) 556-4608 for information.

Bowling Center

The bowling center is located in Building 406. The bowling center offers bowling leagues, a popular snack bar with daily specials, youth birthday parties, bowling lessons, leagues and a complete pro shop. For information, call (719) 556-4607.

Auto Hobby Center

The auto hobby center is located at 830 Tinker St., Building 640. The shop lets the do-it-yourselfers take advantage of the facility, equipment, knowledge and expertise to save money in a safe environment when repairing their vehicle. Our facility has two standard drive-on lifts, two frame lifts, an RV lift, five stalls with no lifts, a welding area and a steam cleaning bay with a lift to get that undercarriage clean. We offer hands-on instructional training to novices that do not know how to do the repairs. We also have welding equipment, a parts bead blaster, tire machines, brake lathes, specialized test equipment and two computers for customers to look up repair information. We offer welding classes each month consisting of arc, mig, gas and a plasma cutter for getting those exact cuts. We also take care of the base car wash and the used car corner for those looking to buy or sell a vehicle. If you are looking for a place to recycle scrap metal, car batteries, tires or other items, give the auto hobby center a call. If we cannot recycle what you have, we should be able to direct you to a place in town that can. For information, call (719) 556-4481.

Silver Spruce Golf Course

The Silver Spruce Golf Course is an 18-hole, par 72, championship course that is known throughout Southern Colorado for its outstanding conditions year round. While many courses claim to require "every club in the bag," Silver Spruce Golf Course demands imaginative shotmaking that will challenge every aspect of the golfer's game. The natural flow of the land, the width of the fairways and the precise placement of hazards allow for multiple lines of play and ongoing development of strategies and execution. In addition to the championship course, Silver Spruce is building a four-hole family short course, with holes measuring from 30 to 70 yards. This is no simple pitch-and-putt course. Family members will appreciate the short course as a perfect late afternoon family getaway, as well as an engaging and fun test.

The 19th Hole Grill offers a wide variety of breakfast and lunch menu items. The clubhouse is the perfect hosting environment for working meetings. The staff can accommodate any event you might be planning. The 19th Hole Grill features a dramatic overlook of the golf course with Pikes Peak prominently in the backdrop. Seating for 72 in the restaurant's interior and another 80 on the outdoor patio allow for a variety of parties and banquets.

Silver Spruce maintains a fleet of 75 golf carts and two adaptive golf carts. The course has three retention ponds that gather water from rain and snow run-off from the drainage system throughout base. The Silver Spruce Golf Course comes complete with driving range, practice greens, chipping green and clubhouse, pro shop, locker rooms and a golf club storage area. Golf course advanced green fees are offered to all DoD ID card holders. For information about fees or services, call (719) 556-7414.

The Flight Training Center

If the sky's your limit, the flight training center is for you. It offers Federal Aviation Administration certification flight training for private, commercial, instructor, and instrument pilots for single-engine, multi-engine, and Airline Transport Pilot certification. All courses offered by the club are Federal Aviation Regulation Part-141 and Department of Veterans Affairs Administration approved. The center's aircraft are for training, recreational flights, multi-engine training, and temporary duty assignments. The Air Force encourages the use of the center's aircraft as a means to get to temporary duty assignments whenever possible to save money and time. Ground schools for all ratings are available and the flight training center's training school is FAA approved. Ground school tuition assistance is available for active duty military members and some colleges accept credit for aviation courses. Military aircraft mechanics can take classes to transfer their military certificate to an FAA certificate. For more information, call (719) 556-4310.

Outdoor Recreation Program

With Colorado's great outdoors right in our backyard, the Peterson Outdoor Adventure Program is your ticket to a world of adventure. Warm weather programs include whitewater rafting and kayaking, rock climbing, hiking, mountain biking, scuba diving and horseback riding. Winter brings ski resort day trips, back country skiing/boarding, snowshoeing, and ice climbing. Outdoor Recreation also offers special weekend trips, such as Aspen ski vacations, fall foliage tours, ATV tours, and overnight rafting trips. The ski shop offers recreational and performance ski and snowboard rental packages on a daily, weekly, or seasonal basis, as well as ski racks and snowshoes. The ski shop staff can assist with maintenance services, including binding mounting, waxing, P-texing and edging. A full tuning service with stone grinding is also available. We sell lift tickets to most of the major ski areas in Colorado. The retail shop sells outdoor equipment and accessories, such as clothing, helmets, and ski/snowboard equipment. The rental shop lets patrons check out recreational, sporting, and camping equipment. It has everything from mountain bikes and sleeping bags to canoes and ice chests, plus tables, chairs, and bounce castles.

Summer hours (May 1 to Oct. 31)
Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday,
9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.; closed Wednesday
Saturday, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Sunday, 10 a.m. to noon for returns only.

Winter hours (Nov. 1 to April 30)
Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday,
10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday,
10 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Outdoor Recreation is also a great place to rent a space to store your recreational vehicles, car or boat in the base RV lot. For information, call (719) 556-4867.

Arts and Crafts/ITT

The arts and crafts and ITT leisure travel office is located in Building 640. The Information, Ticket and Tour office offers discount lift tickets for Colorado's premiere ski areas, entertainment, educational, cultural and sporting events. The leisure travel office offers worry-free travel arrangements which can consist of airline travel, car rental reservations, vacation packages, cruises and unlimited lodging accommodations around the world. A full-service awards shop provides custom laser engraving on almost anything from wood plaques, acrylic awards, clocks, pen sets, key chains, globes, eagles, knives and even flashlights. We also provide embroidery service that can be done on hats, blankets, shirtsand more. A custom frame shop allows customers to frame their own projects or have the staff do it for them. Classes such as framing and painting are offered on a regular basis throughout the year. The frame shop also specializes in retirement shadow boxes and flag cases.

For more information about ITT and its services call (719) 556-1760 or (719) 556-1733; for the leisure travel office and tickets call (719) 556-2116 or (719) 556-6447; and for the frame and engraving shop call (719) 556-1731 or (719) 556-1732.

High Frontier Honor Guard

The High Frontier Honor Guard fulfills a key role in the quality of life of active duty, retiree and veteran families by providing final tribute for deceased military members on behalf of the president of the United States and the U.S. Air Force. The High Frontier Honor Guard supports 37 counties in Colorado and eight counties in western Kansas. The area of responsibility of the High Frontier Honor Guard extends from the Utah border to Colby, Kan., and from the New Mexico border to Logan, Colo. This area consists of approximately 93,000 square miles and contains one national cemetery. The office is located in Building 1465, next to the base post office. Telephone (719) 556-8228 or (719) 556-3589, Fax (719) 556-8205. The office is open Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and is on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Sustainment Services Flight

DINING FACILITY
The Aragon Dining Facility, the Airmen's dining facility in Building 1160, seats 250 and can serve up to 750 at each meal. The dining facility operates seven days a week on an a-la-carte system. Call (719) 556-4782 for the menu recording. Hours are 5:30 to 8 a.m. for breakfast, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. for lunch and 4:30 to 6:30 p.m. for dinner. Holiday hours are 6:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. for brunch, and 4:30 to 6 p.m. for dinner. Retirees may use the facility for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Furthermore, family members of deployed personnel are invited to use the facility every Tuesday for dinner.

Fitness and Sports Center

The fitness and sports center offers year-round physical conditioning programs for groups and individuals, serving 2,500 active duty, family members and civilians each day. The fitness center, located in Buildings 560 and 570, features indoor and outdoor basketball courts; a multi-purpose room; a three-stage indoor climbing wall for novice, intermediate and expert climbers; an indoor running track; outdoor tennis courts; handball and racquetball courts; men's and women's saunas; weight room; two rooms with cardiovascular workout equipment; spinning and personal trainers; a football/soccer field with a quarter-mile track; softball fields; and a 20-station fitness trail. The fitness center offers intramural sports, five varsity sports, free aerobics and spinning classes, physical conditioning, monthly fun runs, massage therapy, cardiovascular training, and special tournaments and competitions. Hours of operation are Monday to Friday, 4:30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m.; weekends, holiday and family days 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. For information, call (719) 556-4462.

Pikes Peak Lodging Office

Pikes Peak Lodge is located in Building 1042, 125 E. Stewart Ave. The front desk is ready to serve you 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Check in time is 2 p.m. or earlier depending upon room availability. Check out time is 11 a.m., unless arrangements are made with management, prior to 8 a.m. on the day of check out. Pikes Peak Lodge has 155 visiting quarters, including visiting airmen quarters, in Buildings 1026, 1030 and 1143. VQ rates range from $34.70 to $39 per day. They also have 67 temporary lodging facilities that primarily serve families in permanent change of station status. TLF rates are $41.50 per day. In addition, there are eight business suites and one general officer house with rates ranging from $42.50 to $53.25 per day. All rooms are equipped with DSL high-speed internet. Smoking is not allowed in any guest room. Pets are not allowed in most guest rooms. Pikes Peak Lodge does have four pet-friendly TLFs for an additional fee of $10 per day. For information, call the Pikes Peak Lodge at (719) 556-7851. You can also fax reservations to (719) 556-7852 or e-mail Pikes.Peak.Lodge@Peterson.af.mil.

Peterson Club

The Club is an all-ranks club located in Building 1013 on Stewart Avenue. Lunch is served Monday through Friday, as well as brunch the first and third Sundays of each month. Bingo is featured every Monday evening and dinner is served on Friday evenings. Stripes Pub is located in the Peterson Club. It features 12 high definition TVs and more than 100 types of beers, Stripes Pub is open every day at 11 a.m. featuring a great pub food menu. Take advantage of professional party planning and catering services. The club offers a casual lounge, main lounge with fireplace, several party rooms, and a spacious ballroom. Club membership is offered to all military, civilian and contract employees as well as retirees. For information, call (719) 556-4181.

Education and Career Services

Education Services processes more than $4 million in tuition assistance each year, provides education testing, guidance counseling, administration of and counseling for the Community College of the Air Force programs, satellite downlink training, distance learning/testing, and on-base degree programs, sponsors biannual education fairs, has information on the VA education programs and administers the AWC, ACSC, SOS, Course 14 correspondence courses, defense language proficiency tests, defense language aptitude battery and the USAFE drivers test. Further services include application for the Air Force Academy, basic officer training, Airman education and commissioning program, Airman scholarship and commissioning program, scholarships for outstanding Airmen and nurse enlisted commissioning program.

Enlisted specialty training provides status of training briefings and trend analysis for the wing commander; conducts staff assistance visits to provide commanders with training tools to maintain readiness, instructs the Air Force trainers course, manages the career development courses, and is responsible for seven-level school management.

Formal training manages in-residence PME courses such as Squadron Officers School, Air and Space Basic Course, Senior NCO Academy, NCO Academy, technical training schools, joint professional military education and no name allocations for military formal training schools.

Civilian formal training manages employee development for Peterson, Schriever, HQ AFSPC and NORAD/NORTHCOM, oversees three separate management training committees, DTS approval for Air Staff funds, and manages civilian tech school training, NCOA, ASBC and SOS.

Acquisition professional development program manages acquisition continuous learning, DTS approval authority, VTC scheduler and DISA facilitator. The program updates certifications and warrants, and is responsible for the coding of acquisition positions.

Military testing manages enlisted promotion testing (Weighted Airman Promotion System), aptitude testing, updates pay authorization for all (DLPT, I-V) and manages all enlisted WAPS study material for the base.

The library manages circulating book collections (adults, juvenile fiction), leased book collections—best sellers and newly published materials, book exchange/periodicals recycling program, Transparent Languages for learning foreign languages, circulates non-print collections (CDs, DVDs); provides access to electronic resources, a deployed spouses Internet computer camera, provides young adult/teen programs, a game zone, provides children programs—CDC story time, and marketing for library services.

Professional development provides career assistance advice and current information on benefits, attends unit commander calls and has oversight for the First Term Airman Center—a 12-day course transitioning Airmen from training to mission ready status, manages Right Decision Workshop, and professional development seminars, including effective writing and leadership, and four lenses.

Airman Leadership School provides leadership training in four blocks of education including combat leader, supervisor communication, supervisor of Airmen and military professional. This PME course is required for career Airmen.

21st Medical Group

The 21st Medical Group, which operates the Peterson Clinic, Schriever Clinic, CMAFS Aid Station and their supporting services, is an outpatient clinic that provides primary care, limited specialty care, dental care and ancillary services.

Medical Services

The 21st MDG provides Family Health, Aerospace Medicine, Pediatrics, Women's Health, Allergy/Immunizations, Optometry, Mental Health and Physical Therapy.

The clinic does not have an emergency department or ambulance service. Patients who have emergency or urgent medical conditions should dial 911 or report to the nearest off-base emergency department. Patients experiencing acute illness after hours should call (719) 524-2273 for an appointment at the Air Force Academy's 10th Medical Group Acute Care Clinic or network urgent care center.

TRICARE Prime patients needing appointments should call (719) 524-2273. The CARE line is available 24 hours a day for acute care appointments and telephone consults. Appointment clerks located on Fort Carson are available from 6 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. on duty days only. Inpatient care and specialty referrals are provided by Evans Army Community Hospital at Fort Carson, the 10th Medical Group Clinic at the Air Force Academy, and local civilian facilities.

All active and administratively certified Personnel Reliability Program members assigned to Peterson are required to enroll in the Aerospace Medicine Clinic.

Active duty members should enroll family members in the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System. To update your DEERS information, log-on to http://www.dmdc.osd.mil/appj/ address/indes.jsp or refer questions about DEERS to the military personnel flight customer service section at (719) 556-7377.

Ancillary Services

Dental Clinic
The Peterson Dental Clinic is located at 1045 E. Stewart Ave., on Peterson East, and offers a full range of dental care for active duty personnel. Additional dental services are located at Schriever AFB and Cheyenne Mountain AFS. Periodic dental examinations for Air Force personnel are scheduled through the active duty member's unit health monitor. Members of other military services can contact the dental clinic at (719) 556-1333 or (719) 556-1335 to schedule a periodic examination.

Dental emergencies will be triaged in the Dental Clinic by calling (719) 556-1333 or (719) 556-1335, Monday through Friday. After normal duty hours, patients with dental emergencies should contact the USAF Academy Acute Care Clinic at (719) 333-5005. Emergency dental care is for urgent/severe oral pain, infections and trauma. Due to the active duty dental mission, dental treatment for family members is not available from the 21 MDG. It is recommended active duty beneficiaries enroll in the TDP, which provides dental exams and treatments through a civilian dentist. For more information, call the Beneficiary Counselor and Assistance Coordinator at (719) 556-1016, or United Concordia, the TDP contractor, at (888) 622-2256 for information. You can also obtain information at http://www.TRICAREdentalpro gram.com. Retirees and their family members are eligible to enroll in the TRICARE Retiree Dental Program, http://www.trdp.org which covers most dental treatments.

TRICARE

TRICARE offers military beneficiaries a triple-option approach to health care:
• TRICARE Prime
• TRICARE Extra
• TRICARE Standard
All active duty personnel must enroll into TRICARE Prime. Active duty family members must enroll at the TRICARE Service Center, located in the Peterson Clinic, upon arrival to the base. Non-active duty beneficiaries may choose the TRICARE option that will work best for them, and can visit the TSC for additional information on each option. Under TRICARE Prime, each enrollee is assigned a primary care manager who will coordinate and manage their health care. This includes arranging any necessary specialty appointments, health promotions activities and preventive exams such as: cholesterol screening, mammography, smoking cessation, PAP smears, and hearing and eye examinations as needed or required.

You will receive a referral for any covered medical services that cannot be provided by the Peterson Clinic. The location of your care will be determined based on appointment and/or service capability and availability between the Air Force Academy and Evans Army Community Hospital at Fort Carson. If there is no capability or availability within these military facilities, you will be referred off-base to a civilian network provider. For questions regarding your referral, call (888) 874-9378 or the Peterson Referral Management Center at (719) 556-3939 or (719) 556-0241. You can access your referral via TRICARE online.

For questions regarding TRICARE benefits, enrollment options and claims issues contact TriWest at (888) 874-9378, TRICARE online, or contact the Peterson clinic beneficiary counselor and assistance coordinator at (719) 556-1016; you may also walk-in to the TSC located within the Peterson clinic during normal clinic hours.

Aerospace Physiology and Operational Unit

The Carter P. Luna Aerospace Physiology Training Flight prepares personnel for the human factor challenges inherent to military operations with the goal of increasing overall readiness and mission effectiveness. Our mission is three-fold: Aerospace physiology training, High-Altitude Airdrop Mission Support, and Human Performance Training Team.

Aerospace physiology training prepares Department of Defense aircrew and high-altitude parachutists, Air Force Academy and ROTC cadets, and Federal Aviation Administration-certified civilian pilots on the human factor and physiological threats of modern aviation. Aerospace physiology training consists of classroom instruction, hands-on training, and an altitude (or hypobaric) chamber flight. The instruction is tailored to the individual's specific weapon system and/or operational mission with the intent of maximizing crew performance.

Topics of instruction include:
• Altitude-related physiology
• Situational awareness and attention management
• Mission- and self-imposed stress
• Spatial disorientation, visual illusions, and airsickness
• G-induced loss of consciousness

During altitude chamber training, students experience the effects of a low-pressure environment and the subtle effects of hypoxia (oxygen deprivation). This training also prepares students to effectively use aircrew life support equipment in this austere environment.

High Altitude Airdrop Mission Support, or HAAMS, ensures crew safety and equipment integrity during high-altitude airdrop missions. HAAMS operations involve the use of qualified physiology technicians or aerospace physiologists to support unpressurized flight at or above 18,000 feet. These personnel are an integral part of the aircrew and serve as in-flight technical experts for the mission commander on the unique oxygen equipment and life-threatening physiological threats associated with unpressurized, high-altitude flight.

The Human Performance Training Team integrates human performance training and education into Team Pete operations. HPTT activities center on helping individuals and organizations of Team Pete improve their performance by providing education, training, and consultation on a variety of potential human performance threats (e.g. fatigue and shift work, deployment, team communication and management, night vision devices, and operational stress).

The Aerospace Physiology Training Flight, located in Building 425, is open Monday through Friday, 6:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. For additional information or to schedule training, call DSN 834-4185 or commercial (719) 556-4185.

Health and Wellness Center

The Health and Wellness Center is your one-stop shop to meet your health and fitness needs. The HAWC offers classes and individual counseling in nutrition, fitness, tobacco cessation, cholesterol control, high blood pressure, weight management and diabetes. Wellness assessments, body composition measurements, anaerobic threshold analysis, and nutritional consults are available.

The HAWC also supports the Fitness Assessment Cell in the Force Support Squadron with the Fit to Fight program and offers Physical Training Leaders training. It is central for intervention efforts for those with an unsatisfactory score on Fit to Fight assessment. Located in the fitness and sports center, Building 560, the HAWC's hours are 7 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. Free classes and programs are open to all DoD ID cardholders. For information call (719) 556-4292.

Mental Health

The Mental Health Clinic is located in Building 725. The facility houses the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment Program, the Family Advocacy Program, Resiliency Element and outpatient Mental Health services.

The MHC works to prevent and treat substance abuse problems, family maltreatment (including emotional, physical and sexual maltreatment) and mental health difficulties, with a focus on helping people better handle the stresses of daily life associated with a career in the military.

The MHC offers classes to help build essential skills, sometimes followed with individual or group psychotherapy as needed.

Classes available through Mental Health include, but are not limited to:
• Stress Management
• Parenting
• Family Abuse Awareness
• Healthy Thinking
• Relationship Enhancement Program
• Laugh Your Way to a Better Marriage

Though primarily an active duty clinic, family members are welcome to use the prevention courses available. For information, to set up an appointment or sign up for a class, call Mental Health and ADAPT at (719) 556-7804 or Family Advocacy at (719) 556-8943.

721st Mission Support Group and Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station
Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station is host to a number of missions and organizations: NORAD/USNORTHCOM's training, exercise and alternate command center functions, U.S. Strategic Command's Missile Warning Center, Detachment 2 of the 17th Test Squadron, Air Force Technical Applications Center's research laboratory, the Defense Intelligence Agency's Western Continental United States Regional Service Center, and the 721st Mission Support Group, which falls under the 21st Space Wing.

Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station is at the center of a worldwide network of satellites, radars and sensors that provide early warning of any missile, air or space threat to North America. CMAFS also processes theater ballistic missile warning for U.S. and allied forces. In support of the Joint Space Operations Center at Vandenberg AFB, Calif., CMAFS provides a continual data feed of what is in space and where it's located to enable space situational awareness - protection, prevention and negation functions supported by the surveillance of space.

CMAFS is truly one of the most unique installations in the world. Apart from the fact that 5.1 acres are housed 2,000 feet underground, operations are conducted 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

On Sept. 11, 2001, Cheyenne Mountain added another mission to its historic legacy in the defense of North America. The terrorist attacks against the United States marked the beginning of Operation Noble Eagle, which requires the monitoring of the interior airspace of Canada and the United States where previously NORAD only looked outward from our borders. Today, Cheyenne Mountain stands ready to support North American defense continuity of operations during any contingency from limited nuclear war, to pandemic influenza, to High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse.

The 721st Mission Support Group operates and sustains a survivable, reliable and secure installation for Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station and operates the global Integrated Tactical Warning/Attack Assessment Network and space situational awareness system. As such, they ensure all the organizations at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station have the support they need to carry out their many missions. The mission support group has four sub-units.

721st Communications Squadron

The 721st Communications Squadron operates and maintains command, control, computer, communications and intelligence systems that process and display the air, land and space picture for command centers around the nation. The Global Strategic Warning/Space Surveillance Systems Center operates 24 hours daily and is a one-of-a-kind function that manages the worldwide Integrated Tactical Warning/Attack Assessment Network. The squadron ensures connectivity for more than 750 data circuits to sensor sites and forward users around the world. They provide four local area networks, information assurance, base information management and land mobile radio support to the mission partners in the complex.

721st Security Forces Squadron

The 721st Security Forces Squadron provides security and force protection for the organizations and missions at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station 24 hours a day. The squadron is responsible for installation security, pass and registration, antiterrorism and base defense. The squadron also provides expertly-trained combat support forces to theater commanders engaged in Overseas Contingency Operations.

721st Mission Support Group Civil Engineering

The civil engineer division provides and maintains critical and reliable utilities, engineering and construction support, environmental support, fire protection, prevention and emergency management services supporting the unique infrastructure and dynamic mission set of CMAFS. Across 587 acres and 63 buildings, the mission-critical support sustains operational mission connectivity to local and forward users around the world—in a survivable environment. The Central Control Center manages all CMAFS life support/survivability processes all day, every day, and dispatches snow crews to keep the critical access to CMAFS via NORAD Road safe and passable all winter long.

721st Mission Support Group Test Control Division

The test control division is a one-of-a-kind organization that manages the planning and execution of the worldwide air, missile and space mission systems tests. Their charter is to safeguard the integrity of ITW/AA and Space Surveillance Network data by establishing strictly controlled test environments and ensuring all simulated test traffic does not feed into the operational processors and mission systems.

821st Air Base Group

The 821st Air Base Group is located at Thule Air Base in northern Greenland, and at more than 76 degrees north is the northernmost base in the U.S. Department of Defense. The 821st ABG is a geographically separated unit of the 21st Space Wing and makes vital contributions to the critical missions of space warning, missile defense, space surveillance, and satellite command and control.

Team Thule and the 821st ABG face unique challenges operating in the harsh arctic environment. For instance, because there are no overland roads to Thule, the base's 10,000-foot runway and associated airfield is the only access to Thule during winter months when the waters of the bay and seaport are frozen. In addition, the 821st ABG operates the world's northernmost deep-water seaport, which is used for the annual sealift heavy resupply Operation Pacer Goose. The airfield and seaport provide a unique logistical platform for Arctic training, international scientific research, and environmental programs. The airfield and seaport capabilities allow Team Thule to offer logistics re-supply operations support for smaller military sites both in Greenland (Station Nord operated by the Danish military) and northern Canada (Station Alert operated by the Canadian military), as well as support for a wide variety of important research projects conducted by American and European scientists.

MISSION
The mission of the 821st ABG is to operate and maintain Thule Air Base in support of space warning, missile defense, space surveillance, and satellite command and control missions on behalf of Air Force Space Command and United States Strategic Command. In addition, the 821st ABG provides security, communications, civil engineering, personnel, services, logistics, and medical support to remote active duty units comprised of more than 600 military, civilian, and contractor personnel from the United States, Greenland, Denmark, and Canada.

Located more than 700 miles north of the Arctic Circle, the base is completely self-sufficient. Thule maintains and operates its own electrical generation and heating plants, as well as a fully functional water filtration and pumping system. The base maintains a network of 65 miles of roads that are necessary to access the Ballistic Missile Early Warning System radar, the satellite command and control site, and various recreational sites in the Thule Defense Area.

HISTORY
In 1946, a combined Danish-American radio and weather station was established at the base of Mount Dundas. Increasing international tensions in the post-World War II environment prompted Denmark and the United States to sign a defense treaty, allowing the construction of a complete and fully functional air base. From that point forward, the joint American-Danish presence at this remote northern outpost played an important role in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Cold War efforts to provide deterrence against the USSR. Thule Air Base was built during the summers of 1951 and 1952 in a truly herculean effort that completed the bulk of the construction in just 104 days.

Initially, Thule's focus was on aircraft operations, particularly bombers, fighters, and aerial tankers. Space operations began in earnest in the early 1960s and have continued to this day. The Ballistic Missile Early Warning System began operation with a mechanical radar in 1961. This radar was upgraded to a solid-state phased array radar in 1986. This radar was upgraded to the "Upgraded Early Warning Radar" configuration in 2010 and is operated today by the 12th Space Warning Squadron, also part of the 21st SW. The base's other space operations mission is satellite telemetry, tracking and commanding. The Thule Tracking Station, operated by Detachment 1 of the 23rd Space Operations Squadron, part of the 50th Space Wing, began operations in the early 1960s and is the largest site in the Air Force Satellite Control Network.

Throughout the years, several commands have been responsible for the base, including Northeast Air Command, Air Defense Command and Strategic Air Command. Air Force Space Command took control of Thule Air Base in 1983. The 821st Air Base Group was activated in June 2002 as the host unit for Thule Air Base.

Director of Staff

The 21st Space Wing staff agencies, led by the wing director of staff, are responsible for supporting the Air Force's largest geographical wing. Geographically and organizationally, the wing consists of a work force of about 5,000 officer, enlisted, civilian and contract employees. This work force provides missile warning and space control through its 39 units operating from 31 locations in eight countries.

Base Chapel

The base chapel in Building 1410 offers daily and weekly services, as well as other spiritual, social, educational, humanitarian and cultural activities in conjunction with various organizations, including programs for youth, women, men, retirees, and a variety of music programs. A chaplain is available 24 hours a day by calling (719) 556-4442 during duty hours or through the command post (719) 556-4555 evenings, weekends and holidays.

Chapel Schedule
Protestant: 11 a.m.: Traditional (chapel sanctuary); and contemporary worship (base auditorium adjacent to the chapel).

Communion is celebrated monthly at both services as well as weekly following the traditional service. Sunday School, ages 3 to adult, is 9:30 to 10:30 a.m., September through May.

Catholic: Noon Mass Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday; Thursday Mass 11 a.m. at CMAFS; 4 p.m. Saturday reconciliation; 5 p.m. Saturday Mass; 9:30 a.m. Sunday Mass. Sunday religious education (kindergarten to grade 8) is 8 to 9 a.m. September through May. Edge and Life Teen meets at 5 p.m. September through May. Catholic choir meets Tuesday 6 p.m.

Jewish, Eastern Orthodox and Muslim: Currently no services at Peterson. Services are held at the U.S. Air Force Academy Cadet Chapel. For more information call the Air Force Academy Chapel at (719) 333-2636 or the Peterson Chapel at (719) 556-4442. All other faiths groups, call the Peterson Chapel.

Airman Ministry Center

Eclipse Cyber Café is a great place to hang out with friends. It offers free coffee, latte, cappuccino and Italian soda. There are high speed Internet terminals; wireless internet for your laptop; and computer and video gaming, which are all free. The café is located on the first floor dayroom of Building 1164, and is open Wednesday, 5 to 9 p.m.; Friday and Saturday, 5 p.m. to midnight; and Sunday, 1 to 9 p.m. All dorm residents are welcome. Check the flyer information about upcoming social events!

Legal Services

Legal assistance for personal civil matters is available to all eligible clients at the base legal office in Building 350, Room 2068.

Legal advice will not be provided on criminal matters or business matters.

Legal assistance is available on a walk-in basis Monday and Wednesday, 8 to 9 a.m. and Tuesday and Thursday, 1 to 2 p.m. Notary service and powers of attorney are available daily, 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. (closed Thursday, 10:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.). All services are available free of charge. Call DSN 834-4871 or (719) 556-4871 for more information. Legal information and worksheets may be accessed online at: https://af legalassistance.law.af.mil/lass/lass.html.

Claims Office

Claims for damage to household goods and personal property are now processed through the Air Force Claims Service Center. Claimants have 70 days to file the DD Form 1840 with the carrier, or they can file online with the CSC. Claimants have nine months to file a claim with the carrier for full replacement value. After nine months, but before two years, claimants can file with the CSC under the standard depreciation rules. Additional information can be found on the CSC website at: https://claims.jag.af.mil or call (877) 754-1212.

Area Defense Counsel

The Area Defense Counsel, located in Building 350, Room 2041, provides legal services for Air Force members facing military criminal matters or adverse military actions. Defense functions include (but are not limited to) representing clients regarding rights advisements, LOC, LOA, LOR, administrative discharge, Article 15, and court-martial action. Call (719) 556-7611 or DSN 834-7611 for assistance.

Public Affairs

Public affairs advises and assists commanders in communicating Air Force messages. Staff members identify and manage communication issues impacting the Air Force's ability to conduct its peacetime and wartime missions.

Public affairs maintains the base's public website at http://www.peterson.af.mil, publishes the base guide and map, and oversees the base newspaper, the Space Observer, which keeps people informed about base-level news and activities as well as Air Force issues and policies. More than 8,500 copies are distributed each Thursday. An electronic version is available at http://www.csmng.com.

Public affairs is also Peterson AFB's liaison with local and national media outlets. One of its key duties is releasing information about Air Force activities and people to local media. The staff also coordinates answers to media queries received and escorts media representatives onto base.

The civic outreach section provides the commander guidance on community issues directly or indirectly affecting the wing. It works issues with political leaders, civic leaders, chambers of commerce and nonprofit groups, and is the approving authority for base participation in public events and providing guidance to civilian organizations about military roles in community activities. Civic outreach manages base tours, speakers bureau, community complaints and community outreach programs.

Public affairs manages the commander's action line, answering complaints, suggestions or comments. Callers should first try to solve problems or complaints by using their chain of command and the affected agency. Call the Action Line at DSN 834-7777 or (719) 556-7777 and your call will be recorded, or send email using the link at http://www.peterson.af.mil/library/actionline.asp.

Other public affairs activities include posting messages on gate marquees, releasing crisis-related information via the Straight Talk Line at (719) 556-9154 and updating snow call announcements (719) 556-7669 and http://www.peterson.af.mil , and updating the wing's Facebook (Peterson AFB: 21st Space Wing) and Twitter (PeteAFB) pages.

To contact public affairs call (719) 556-5185 or e-mail 21sw.pa@us.af.mil.

Comptroller Squadron

The 21st Space Wing Comptroller Squadron is located in Building 350, suite 2009. There you can visit virtual finance via the Air Force Portal Top Links for enhanced "do-it-yourself" capabilities. Instant Advice pages provide a variety of information in the major categories of finance such as pay and allowances and TDY. The Instant Advice pages also link you to self-service applications such as myPay or eFinance Workspace. So, start with a click, and skip the trip! Finance customer service is open Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.; and the first and third Thursday of each month, 11 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.

Museum

The Peterson Air and Space Museum in Buildings 981, 982 and 979, the airpark and the Medal of Honor Park, has exhibits and aircraft displays depicting Peterson AFB history and missions from World War II to the present, including the air defense role of NORAD. Building 981 was once the Colorado Springs Municipal Airport terminal and today is part of the 8.5 acre Colorado Springs Municipal Airport Historic District.

The museum is open Tuesday through Saturday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., and is closed Sunday, Monday and holidays. Volunteers are always needed to support the museum. Volunteers are part of the Peterson Air and Space Museum Foundation, a non-profit corporation that operates on donations and memberships. For information on volunteer opportunities or to joining the Peterson Museum Foundation, contact the museum staff at (719) 556-4915 or visit the Foundation website at http://www.petemuseum.org.


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