Wright Patterson AFB


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In Clark, Greene, Miami, Montgomery and Preble Counties

Wright Patterson Welcome in Clark Green Miami Montgomery and Preble Counties

Welcome to Ohio, the Buckeye State! Part of the East North Central Division which includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Wisconsin, Ohio and these states are also part of the Great Lakes region. Clark, Greene, Miami, Montgomery and Preble counties are in western and central Ohio, north of Cincinnati.

Clark County has a population of 135,959, and its county seat is Springfield. Greene County has approximately 164,000 residents, and its county seat is Xenia. Miami County has 104,224 residents, and its county seat is Troy. Miami County is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area. Montgomery County has more than 532,000 residents and is home to Dayton, the county seat, and Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.

The counties offer many historical and cultural attractions, plus modern amenities. In addition to their wide-open landscapes, open skies and peaceful natural settings, there are archeological sites, museums and parks. Outdoor activities abound, including fishing, golfing, horseback riding and camping.

Ohio will open your eyes to tastes, culture, sports and funny, weird celebrations beyond your wildest imagination.

History

Wright Patterson Welcome History

Clark, Greene, Miami, Montgomery and Preble counties were all created in the early 1800s: Clark County in 1818, Greene County in 1803, Miami County in 1807, Montgomery County in 1803 and Preble County in 1808.

Clark County was named for George Rogers Clark, a hero of the American Revolution. It was originally part of Greene, Champaign and Madison counties. The county began to flourish during the 1830s, with the completion of the National Road through Ohio.

Greene County was named for Gen. Nathanael Greene, an officer in the Revolutionary War. In 1818, a small amount of territory was taken from Greene County to form Clark County. Greene County’s territory has remained the same since that time.

Miami County residents named the county in honor of the Miami Indians. Previously, the county had been part of Montgomery County. The county seat is Troy and it is part of the Dayton Statistical Area. Much of the area is rural, with less than 4 percent of the county’s 407 square miles consisting of urban areas.

Montgomery County was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Quebec. Dayton is the county seat and Montgomery is the fifth-populous county in the state. Montgomery County flourished during the 19th century. With the completion of the Miami and Erie Canal in 1829, Dayton was connected to Cincinnati.

Preble County was formed from portions of Butler and Montgomery counties. It is named for Edward Preble, a naval officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War and against the Barbary Pirates.

Weather and Climate

Wright Patterson Welcome Weather and Climate

The climate in much of Ohio is hot and muggy in the summers and cold and dry in the winters. Low humidity and cool nights and mornings provide respite from higher summertime temperatures. In Dayton, the warmest month is July, with an average high of 84 degrees and an average low of 65 degrees. The coldest month is January, with an average high of 35 degrees and an average low of 20 degrees. Precipitation in Montgomery County is average compared with the rest of the nation. Most precipitation falls in spring months, and average yearly rainfall is about 40 inches.

Local Hazards

Every second counts in a disaster so planning and preparation can be lifesavers.

Ready Ohio is Ohio’s official emergency preparedness campaign managed by the Division of Homeland Security. The Ready Ohio campaign gives residents, communities, public safety professionals, businesses and schools valuable information and resources regarding a variety of emergency scenarios. The website provides information on creating an emergency plan and emergency kit, pet preparedness and disaster preparedness for seniors. For more information about disaster preparedness, visit www.ready.ohio.gov.

The following are considered significant hazards in Ohio.

Blizzards

Winter storms can range from a moderate snow over a few hours to a blizzard with blinding, wind-driven snow that lasts for several days. Some winter storms are large enough to affect several states, while others affect only a single community. Many winter storms are accompanied by dangerously low temperatures and sometimes by strong winds, icing, sleet and freezing rain. Regardless of the severity of a winter storm, you should be prepared in order to remain safe during these events.

Prepare for the storm by winterizing your vehicle and keeping your gas tank full to prevent freezing. If possible, insulate your home with storm windows or cover the windows with plastic from the inside to keep cold air out. Keeping chimneys and heating equipment maintained will help when a storm hits.

Just like with other natural disasters, it is a good idea to have a supply kit handy at home and in your vehicle. This kit should have a three-day supply of food and water, flashlights, a seven-day supply of medicine, warm coats, gloves, hats, boots, extra blankets and other items generally needed in a disaster. Visit www.redcross.org/get-help/prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/winter-storm for more information about how to prepare for a blizzard or winter storm.

Flash Floods

While Ohio has relatively average figures for annual precipitation, flooding is a threat. Area terrain can be poorly absorbent, and dry channels, ditches and lake beds fill quickly. This can lead to flash floods.

A flash flood watch is issued when flash flooding is expected to occur within six hours after heavy rains have ended. A flash flood warning is issued for life- and property-threatening flooding that will occur within six hours. During a flash flood watch or warning, stay tuned to local radio or TV stations or a National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Radio for further weather information.

If you are outdoors during a rainstorm, seek higher ground. Avoid walking through any floodwaters — even water 6 inches deep can sweep you off your feet. If you are driving, avoid flooded areas. The majority of deaths in flash floods occur when people drive through flooded areas. Roads concealed by water may not be intact. Water only a foot deep can displace a vehicle. If your vehicle stalls, leave it immediately and seek higher ground. Rapidly rising water can engulf a vehicle and sweep it away.

Sun Exposure

Some exposure to sunlight is good, even healthy, but too much can be dangerous. Broad-spectrum ultraviolet radiation, listed as a known carcinogen by the National Institute of Environmental Health Science, can cause blistering sunburns, as well as long-term problems like skin cancer, cataracts and immune suppression. Overexposure also causes wrinkling and premature aging of the skin.

Cloud cover reduces UV levels, but not completely. Depending on the thickness of the cloud cover, you can still burn on a cold and dim day, so be prepared with sunglasses, sunscreen, long-sleeved garments, wide-brimmed hats and an umbrella.

Thunderstorms

While more likely at certain times of year, thunderstorms can happen anytime. A severe thunderstorm can knock out power, bring high winds, lightning, flash floods and hail, and turn into a twister in seconds. Pay attention to storm warnings. Remember the rule: “When thunder roars, head indoors.” Once inside, avoid electrical appliances and plumbing fixtures, and use only a cordless telephone in an emergency. Unplug your desktop computer. Do the same with other plugged-in electronics or use surge protectors. The National Weather Service recommends following the 30/30 Rule: People should seek shelter if the “Flash-to-Bang” delay — length of time in seconds from the sight of the lightning flash to the arrival of its subsequent thunder — is 30 seconds or less, and remain under cover for 30 minutes after the final thunderclap.

For more safety information, visit the National Weather Service’s website at www.lightningsafety.noaa.gov.

Tornadoes

Tornadoes can develop quickly, with minimal warning, so it is important to have a plan in place before they occur. If a tornado watch is issued, weather conditions favor the formation of tornadoes, such as during a severe thunderstorm. A tornado warning is issued when a tornado funnel is sighted or indicated by weather radar. You should take shelter immediately during a tornado warning.

Know where the safest place of shelter is in your home — a basement, or an inside room on the lowest floor (like a closet or bathroom) if your home does not have a basement. Avoid windows and get under something sturdy, like a heavy table, and cover your body with a blanket or mattress to protect yourself from flying debris.

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